Question marks: A question mark indicates the end of a question e.g What your name ? you don't need a full stop after a question mark.
Exclamation marks: An exclamation mark is used to end a dramatic sentence or statement .e.g. Don't put your hand in the fire !
Commas: A comma indicates a natural pause in a sentence and separates items in list .e.g John, stopped for a moment to considered the junk on his bedroom floor: a football boot, a computer magazine, and his missing homework.
Speech marks: Indicate direct speech i.e. the exact words spoken. single or double inverted commas may be used.e.g ''I like football'' said jimmy
Colons: a colon precedes an explanation or an example of what has gone before, a list or a quotation.e.g John thought it was his mother's fault : she should have tidied up and found his homework.
Semi- colons: A semi colons is used to separate two sentence that are related, list of items which have several word, or to divide the clause in a sentence.e.g. The expedition may be on or off; it all depends on the weather.
Brackets: Are used to separate extra information from a main sentence or a statement.e.g. Dashes (see below) can also be used to separate extra infromation
Dashes: Are to separate extra information from a main sentence or a statemente.e.g. Emma adjusted the microscope carefully- the controls were delicate- before focusing once more on the tiny leaf.