English Paper 1

presentational and language devices

Writing to argue, persuade, advise

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Presentational devices

Logo                                                    Italics

Headline                                              Font Size

Strapline                                             Slogan

Main image                          ,              Title

Sub-image                                          Colour use




Text wrapping


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Language devices

Rhetorical Question                              Expert Comment

Alliteration                                            Quotations

Similie                                                   Exclamation

Metaphor                                             Short Sentances

Persuasive language                           Long sentances

Emotive Language                              Short Paragraphs

Strong Language                                Long paragraphs




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Writing to Argue

  • Build up arguments, then knock them down with counter arguments
  • Introduction summarising issue
  • Use statistics to back up your points (these can be made up!)
  • Use anecdotes (personal stories) to make a point (these can be made up too...)
  • Use lists of three
  • Use good connectives
  • Make sure to put 2 points of view across
  • Finish on a strong ending, putting across your point of view
  • Rhetorical questions
  • Topic sentences
  • Use these techniques:
    • Alliteration
    • Emotive language
    • Varied sentence structure
    • Other applicable poetic techniques
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writing to argue


    * make a series of logical points that are easy to follow.
    * aim to include statistics, facts, opinions to back up the point made.
    * can add personal anecdotes to make the reader understand.
    * to add impact to the arguement inclide devices such as rhetorical questions, collective pronouns ('we'), emotive language or humerous language to gage readers attention.
    * include the counter-arguements to gain higher marks as it shows a consideration of alt. points of view.

1. plan 2. order points 3. detailed paragraphs 4. conclude 5. end

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writing to advise


    * could offer further explanation.
    * must show empathy towards reader.
    * need to offer several solutions.
    * direct address.
    * use wide range of vocab, and sentence forms.
    * modal verbs (can, could, may, might, will, would, shall, should, must) are useful along with imperatives.
    * can use humour to lighten mood, but not humour that could insult.

1. plan 2. order points 3. detailed paragraphs 4. conclude 5. end

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writing to persude


    * aim is to convince reader.
    * so use interesting vocab choices
    * second person is good for keepin' readers attention.
    * collective pronouns to identify with audience.
    * include techniques like alliteration, tricolons, short sentences for impact, repetition etc.
    * vary sentence length to keep reader interested.
    * (usually in letter form, so with dear sir/madam end with yours faithfully, with dear mr, miss, mrs surname end with yours sincerely)

1. plan 2. order points 3. detailed paragraphs 4. conclude 5. end

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