English Literature - Poety - Relationships

Basic notes on the themes, form and structure and comparisons for the following pomes:

  • The Manhunt - Simon Armitage
  • Hour - Carol Ann Duffy
  • In Paris With You - James Fenton
  • Quickdraw - Carol Ann Duffy
  • Ghazal - Mimi Khalvati
  • Brothers - Andrew Forster
  • Praise Song For My Mother - Grace Nichols
  • Harmonium - Simon Armitage
  • Sonnet 116 - William Shakespeare
  • Sonnet 43 - Elizabeth Barrett Browning
  • To His Coy Mistress - Andrew Marvell
  • The Farmer's Bride - Charlotte Mew
  • Sister Maude - Christina Georgina Rossetti
  • Nettles - Vernon Scannell
  • Born Yesterday - Philip Larkin
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  • Created by: Emily
  • Created on: 30-03-13 19:44

The Manhunt - Simon Armitage

Contemporary

Themes

  • War
  • Broken relationships 
  • Exploration
  • Sexual/Lust
  • Men and Women

Form and Structure

  • Rhyming couplets
  • Enjambment 
  • Fragmented,

Compares With

  • Quickdraw
  • In Paris With You 
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Hour - Carol Ann Duffy

Contemporary

Themes

  • Time vs Love
  • Money/Wealth
  • Sexual/Lust

Form and Structure

  • Sonnet - (Shakespearean sonnet)
  • Consistant rhyme scheme

Compares With

  • Sonnet 116
  • To His Coy Mistress
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In Paris With You - James Fenton

Contemporary

Themes

  • Love
  • Going against the regular
  • Sexual/Lust
  • Men and Women

Form and Structure

  • Repetition of 'In Paris with you'
  • Regular rhyme scheme

Compares With

  • Born Yesterday - both reject traditional ideas
  • Hour - relationships in the present rather than the past and future. Appreciating what you have now, even though it might not be as good as what you have had in the part or could have in the future.
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Quickdraw - Carol Ann Duffy

Contemporary

Themes

  • Conflict/War
  • Broken relationships
  • Western
  • Men and Women

Structure and Form

  • Irregular rhyme scheme
  • Enjambment

Compares With

  • In Paris With You
  • Sister Maude - conflict in a relationship but a sibling relationship rather than a romantic relationship
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Ghazal - Mimi Khavlati

Contemporary

Themes

  • Romantic Love
  • Men and Women
  • Destruction

Form and Structure

  • Couplets - 10 x2 line stanzas with no rhyme in the couplets which means there is a lack of couple in the poem.
  • Rhyme with 'me' - anaphora

Compares With

  • In Paris With You - feelings of longing; for someone in general rather than someone specific.
  • The Farmer's Bride - similar sense of longing but is negative dwelling on the way the farmer wishes to be loved by his wife rather than being prepared to change for their lover like the speaker in Ghazal.
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Brothers - Andrew Forster

Contemporary

Themes

  • Family
  • Children
  • Nostalgia

Form and Structure

  • 3 stanzas; first two are 5 lines, third is 4 lines, showing the broken/damaged relationship between the brothers.

Compares With

  • Sister Maude - broken sibling relationships
  • Harmonium - nostalgic tone, everyday memory.
  • Nettles
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Praise Song For My Mother - Grace Nichols

Contemporary

Themes

  • Nature
  • Family - Parent and Child

Form and Structure

  • In the first three stanzas are 3 lines, and in the final stanza there are 4 lines, suggesting that her horizons have been widened as her mother wished. And then a single line at the end.
  • A praise song is often seen as a Eulogy.

Compares With

  • Nettles
  • Harmonium
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Harmonium - Simon Armitage

Contemporary

Themes

  • Death 
  • Nostalgia
  • Family
  • Time
  • Children

Form and Structure

  • Stanzas 1-3 are in the past tense, there is a change to the present tense in 4. 
  • Ends with a rhyming couplet, the reader feel as though there should be more, conveys that the relationship and poem were cut short.
  • Metaphor of organ and father.

Compares With

  • Praise Song For My Mother
  • Nettles
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Sonnet 116 - William Shakespeare

Literary Heritage

Themes

  • Love 
  • Time

Form and Structure

  • Sonnet
  • Iambic Pentameter

Compares With

  • Sonnet 43
  • To His Coy Mistress
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Sonnet 43 - Elizabeth Barrett Browning

Literary Heritage

Themes

  • Love
  • Men and Women
  • Religion
  • Death

Form and Structure

  • Petrarchan sonnet
  • Iambic pentameter
  • Anaphora - repeated phrases

Compares With

  • To His Coy Mistress
  • Sonnet 116
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To His Coy Mistress - Andrew Marvell

Literary Heritage

Themes

  • Sexual/Lust
  • Men and Women
  • Time
  • Death

Form and Structure

  • Syllogistic structure
  • Iambic tetrameter
  • Metaphors and similes associated with time

Compares With

  • Hour
  • Sonnet 43
11 of 15

The Farmer's Bride - Charlotte Mew

Literary Heritage

Themes

  • Nature
  • Love
  • Sexual/Lust

Form and Structure

  • Monologue
  • Lament
  • Farmer's dialect
  • Change in iambic pen/tetrameter
  • Inconsistant rhyme scheme

Compares With

  • To His Coy Mistress
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Sister Maude - Christina Georgina Rossetti

Literary Heritage

Themes

  • Love
  • Death
  • Religion

Form and Structure

  • Ballad
  • 5 quatrains, the fifth has two extra lines, the speaker feels compelled to add another two lines to let out her anger.
  • Mostly regular rhythm - breaks due to strength of the emotions being expressed, uncontrolled.

Compares With

  • Brothers
  • Praise Song For My Mother
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Nettles - Vernon Scannell

Literary Heritage

Themes

  • Death
  • War
  • Nature
  • Family
  • Children

From and Structure

  • Alternating rhyming lines
  • Constant rhyme
  • Caesura

Compares With

  • Harmonium
  • Praise Song For My Mother
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Born Yesterday - Philip Larkin

Literary Heritage

Themes

  • Ordinary
  • Children
  • Time
  • Future/Aspirations

Form and Structure

  • Two stanzas, the shorter of the two represents what the speaker feels is less important in life.
  • The little rhyme there is shows his unconventional nature of his wishes for the subject.

Compares With

  • To His Coy Mistress
  • Hour


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