Structure to use.
Poem 1: Poem 2:
Introduction (focus on key words and perspective/ideas of poet)
Language comparison (techniques including imagery)
Form and Structure comparison (arrangement and endings)
Conclusion (focus on key words and ideas/message of poem)
Speaker: From a viewpoint of a solider who is running in an attack
Compare with: The Charge of the Light Brigade - The description of action in war. Mametz Wood - Contrast between war and its aftermath
Belfast Confetti - Language chosen to depict violence
Chosen key points: Metaphors, similes, onomatopia, imagery and personification used.
Chosen quotes: 'The patriotic tear that had brimmed in his eye Sweating like molten iron from the centre of his chest' - painful burning in his chest, fighting with fear, tear of honour/pride then turns to no patriotism....just wants to get out of it.
'King, honour [....]' All patriotism lost. 'His terror's touchy dynamite' He's so scared he could explode. Running to get out of it.
At the Border, 1979
Speaker: Young girl recalls her family, with many others, standing at a border checkpoint
Compare with: The Yellow Palm - how war can divide a country
Flag - the idea of national identity, but in a much different sense
The Right Word - the contrast between the innocence of childhood and the perception of adults
Chosen key points: mood of tension and optimism and joy, metaphor, caesura, enjambment, patriotism
Chosen key quotes: 'I can inhale home' - use of senses + anticipation
Caesura used to make mothers announcement seem grand and significant.
'A men bent down [....]' - Patriotic man, young child doesn't understand. Reaction seems exaggerated as the land is nothing special.
Come on, Come back
Speaker: Poet is talking about a war that isn't real
Compare with: Futility - death in war
The Yellow Palm - the effect of war on ordinary people
The Falling Leaves - the quiet, sad tone which hides the horror beneath
Chosen key points: metaphor, alliteration, repetition, emphases, language juxtaposes the sad confusion of the girl solider with natural images.
Chosen quotes: 'ominious' - hints something bad will happen
natural images contrast
'wild' - manic, no tune
'[....] memory is dead [....]' - deprieved of memory/identity
The Yellow Palm
Speaker: 'Narrator's walk down Palestine Street in Baghdad reveals different terrible images
Compare with: The Right Word - repeated patterns to emphasise meaning and theme
Poppies - war affects on ordinary people
Belfast Confetti - conflict in the city streets
Futility - last stanza
Chosen key points: Repetition, metaphor, double meanings, enjambment, description with use of senses, child innocence
Chosen key quotes: 'no armistice' - no end, no solution, no peace, conflict carries on.'[....] turned up his face [....]' enjambment - carries on nothing stop
Speaker: 1st person in explosion
Compare with: The Yellow Palm - violence in a city
Bayonet Charge - images that leap from one to another to describe confusion
The Right Word - the theme of violence and those who might bring it Out of the Blue - building
Chosen key points: No structure (enjambment to show explosion), irregular, to achieve an eractic and fragmented feel within this poem. - confusion + explosion. Stilled effected now.
Chosen quotes: 'A fusillade of question - marks' - police/soliders, himself - confusion. turmoil, panic, nationality, future.
Speaker: Poet - considers the power of a simple piece of cloth, a flag.
Compare with: The Charge of the Light Brigade - blindly following orders in battle which lead to death
next to of course god america i - an ironic voice
Poppies - a symbol of remembrance of those who diesw in war
Chosen key points: connotations of flag, semantic fields, form all the same except the last stanza, altnerative interpretation of knees, personification
Chosen quotes: 'just' repeat + could be sarcasm/ last stanza - emphasing it has a bigger meaning (trying to make a point) 'cloth' repeated throughout except last stanza - emphase power of the cloth.
Compare with: The Falling Leaves - a quiet mood of grief. Natural + metaphors
Yellow Palm - violent imagery
Chosen key points: interpretations - political leaders (power) - dictatorship, metaphorical, literal.
Chosen quotes: Majority emphasise power/arrogant(ce). creater (capitals) thinks he's in charge.
Speaker: A mother recalls an incident
Compare with:The Falling Leaves - a quiet mood of grief
The Charge of the Light Brigade - personal grief + public celebration + how 1 thing can change peoples lifes.
The Yellow Palm - a natural symbol of peace
Chosen key points: semantic fields, free verse + enjambment (no regular rhyme scheme or rhythm + run on lines), metaphor simile
Chosen key quotes: 'split second' - shows turning point, poem changes. 'leaned' emotional pain she cant stand up - link to wishbone. 'spasms' - metaphor shows excitement - pride/duty for his country.
Speaker: Owen himself talking about 1st person experience of life on the front. (how futile the waste of life was)
Compare with: The Falling Leaves: written from a woman 3rd perso, pacifist (concerned about the effect) like Owen thinks its futile + understated comment on the waste of young life.
Come on, Come back: the death of an individual soldier in war (diff: imaginery)
Mametz Wood: the First World War and the mood of quiet regret
Chosen key points: personification to sun, v.vocab on pointlessness, use of questions
Chosen quotes: ' kind old sun' - desperate, sun is only hope.
'Move' - command
Compare with: The Falling Leaves - the pathos (how events evoke strong feelings of pity or sorrow in the reader)
The Yellow Palm - powerful images of death
Poppies - a personal focus on death in war
Chosen key points: metaphors, flashbacks. futile
Chosen quotes: bits from stanza 2 - fragile bones -> fragile lives, strong visual images
Last verse of stanza 4 - keep coming back.
The Charge of the Light Brigade
Speaker: Poet narrates a cavalry charge.
Compare with: Bayonet Charge - a soldier's attack against enemy fire
The Falling Leaves - a contrasting mood of quiet grief of death in war
Mametz Wood - the fate of men who marched to death
Chosen key points: repetition, semantic fields, frequency of death, personification
Chose quotes: 'blunder'd' mistake -> destroyed people lives like in 'Mametz Wood', never ending orders, rhythm = movement of horse (replicates charge) 'All that was left of them' emphasises the amount of deaths/losses
The Falling Leaves
Speaker: narrator rides through the woods and relates leaves to the soliders
Compare with: Futility - 1st/3rd person differences (see 'Futility' card) + death in war and natural images
Poppies - quietly remembering the dead
Mametz Wood - reminders of dead soliders
Chosen key points: pacifist/link to 'Futility', Broken into two parts - visual + thoughts (with a ; - caesura), alliteration, snowflakes fall individually like soliders. Only one long sentence which means the poem is one long sentence/thoughts.
Chosen quotes: 'brown leaves' - dead leaves, dead soldiers
'thickly, silently' - fell in big amounts quietly
alliteration 'w' - whistling sound use of sense, vivid enchance description - more real for the reader.
next to of course god america i
Speaker: imaginary patriotic speach
Compare with: The Right Word - language and its meanings
Belfast Confetti - deliberate confused syntax (order) for effect
Flag - the call to patriotism
Chosen key points: mockery (sytrical), starts patriotic then starts mocking. Short last sentence - doesn't care/no meaning
Chosen quotes: 'by jingo [....]' - american slang, not serious. Speaks hastily so he mispronounced 'golly' -> 'gorry'
The Right Word
Compare with: next to of course god america i - the different associations attached to words
The Yellow Palm - the effect of warfare on ordinary people
Poppies - the child and the soldier
Chosen key points:repetition, trying to find the right description, questionning, could be metaphors
Chose quotes: 'outside your door' - could be metaphorically - e.g outside of comfort zone, divide between rich and poor, town or country. - threshold of safety - doesn't want to let the person in. Last stanza - relief but guilty about judgement, trying to sort things peacefully instead of lurking in the shadows/conflict.
extract from 'Out of the Blue'
Speaker: 1st person later on imagines a second person - loved one?
Compare with: The Yellow Palm - conflict and terror in a neighbourhood
Belfast Confetti - conflict in a modern city
At the Border, 1979 - events from a particular point of view
Chosen key points: title - terro/unexpected, alliteration, repetition, rhyme
Chosen quotes: 'A bird [....]' - image of freedom
Questions - asking for help
End full stop + language - giving up
'white' - surrender etc etc.
Use song - Who, what, how, why