Form = 1st person dramatic monologue which is from the persona of the character from the book.
- Lines start without capital letters - she may be losing structure to her life.
- The 3rd verse is only about love, all others are about hatred. There is an imbalance of love and hate throughout the poem.
- 'sweetheart *******' - plosive, oxymoron.
- 'opens the wardrobe' - opens the truth to who she is.
- 'love's hate behind a while veil' - the hate belongs to love.
- 'give me a male corpse' - she wants revenge on all men.
- 'Don't think it's only the heart that b-b-b-breaks' - loses control, ambiguous, 'b' sounds like a heart beat.
Form = 1st person, personal point of view. Has 14 lines, like a sonnet.
- Moves from their love life to how she is going to handle his loss.
- 'a spinning world', 'he'd written me' - shakespeare creates this world and it is magical.
- 'my lovers words were shooting stars' - shows their love was amazing.
- 'dive for pearls' - love was like treasure.
- 'a verb dancing in the centre of a noun' - language of his profession describes their love life.
Before You Were Mine
Form = 1st person, personal.
- Each verse is a seperate episode.
- 'i'm ten years away from the corner you laugh on' - puts herself into the picture.
- 'pals' - colloquial.
- 'Marilyn' - Marilyn Monroe, very glamerous.
- 'I knew you would dance like that' - creates a connection.
- 'Whose small bites on your neck, sweetheart?' - role reversal.
- 'Even then' - she wants the person her mum was before.
- 'before you were mine' - she blames herself.
Form = 1st person, casual tone, colloquial.
- A story is told.
- A circular poem - 2 questions at beginning and end.
- first line and last line are rhetorical questions - hasn't learnt from mistakes.
- 'I joy ride cars nowhere' - he has ended up 'nowhere'.
- 'I'm a mucky ghost' - childlike.
- 'Again. Again' - determination, lack of control.
- 'You don't understand a word i'm saying do you?' - feels society is to blame for this.
My father thought it...
Form = 1st person, autobiographical, past tense.
- Becomes clearer as the poem pregresses.
- 'bloody queer' - colloquial.
- 'half hidden' - suggests peer pressure.
- 'you should have had it through your nose instead' - like a bull, 'easily lead'.
- 'drive a needle' makes it sounds more fearful.
- 'spiral of the ear' - from what he heard.
- 'If I were you...' - realisation, change of perspective as he is hearing his own father's voice.
Form = 1st person.
- Makes a point.
- 2 seperate ideas becoming one in the final verse.
- 'free-fall backwards and those behind you take all the weight' - when you mess up parents take all the weight.
- 'the very model of a model of a mother' - not the best relationship, quite distant.
- 'step backwards' - he can take he wieght.
- 'clasp', 'zip' - security.
- 'It still fits' - jacket it the metaphor of the relationship, still the same person, you will always have your past.
Form = 1st person, present tense.
- Grandma is not mentioned after verse 2.
- Problem is slowly dismissed.
- 'November' - end of year, end of life.
- 'we walked to the ward' - emotional support.
- 'badly parked car' - in a hurry, things aren't right.
- 'we have bought her here to die and we know it' - guilt.
- 'parcel her' - becomes an object, distancing.
- 'we let it happen. We can say nothing' - guilt, helplessness.
- 'alive', 'life' - contrasts death.
Form =1st person, rhyme at start and end, have achieved nothing.
- Fast pace.
- 'Batman, big shot' - anger.
- 'well I turned the corner' - going to change it around.
- 'he was like a father' - looked up to him.
- 'Holy robin-redbreast-nest-egg-shocker!' - childish, sarcasm, mockery.
- 'you without a shadow' - hasn't got robin beside him.
- 'I'm the real boy wonder' - reality, no longer childish superheroes.
Form = First person, past tense.
- Sentence lengths from short to long, short to long. Mirrors the content routine to muder, routine to murder.
- 'One more sick note, mister, and you're finished. Fired' - reason for depression.
- 'It was hired' - life is uncertain.
- 'on the top road out of Harrogate' - a familiar reference.
- 'I dropped it into third' - casual tone makes him feel better and makes the murder more shocking to the reader.
- Shorter sentences in the last verse - back to normality.
- 'Stitch that I remember thinking, you can walk from here' - casual, ironic.
On my first Sonne
Form = 1st person.
- 1-4 trying to find meaning for his loss.
- 5-8 questions logic of grievance.
- 'thou child of my right hand' - speaking to his favoured child.
- 'My sinne was too much hope of thee' - blaming himself.
- 'Seven yeeres tho'wert lent to me' - God lent him his son.
- 'For those whose sake, hence-forth, all his vowes be such, As what he loves may never like too much' - hold things at a distance.
The song of the old Mother
Form = 1st person, 'song' - ideas of repetition and routine.
- Like a cycle that the 'Old Mother' lives through.
- 'I rise at dawn' - everyday.
- 'And then I must scrub and bake' - she has no choice, work is disliked as plosive sounds are used.
- Rhyming cuplets makes it sounds less serious yet more repetitive.
The Man he Killed
Form = 1st person, chatty and coloquial.
- Unsolvable argument.
- The poem is personal.
- Poem progresses through the questioning of war.
- 'Had he and I but...' posing a question.
- 'I shot him as he as me' - blunt and equal.
- 'killed him in his place' - shot him because its his job.
- 'No other reason why' - war isn't necessarily something people agree with.
- 'quaint and curious war it!' - an understatement.
- 'You shot a fellow down' - the circumstance of war.
Form = 1st person, written as a sonnet.
- Rhyming couplet.
- Body of the poem says how she is not as beautiful and incredible as other things.
- 'snow be white' - purity.
- 'her breast be dun' - imperfect.
- 'eyes are nothing like the sun', 'black wires grow on your head', 'breath that from my mistress reeks' - not perfect at all.
- 'And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare As any she belied with false compare' - despite her faults he still likes her.