english literature

notes on each of the short stories and poems by Carol Ann Duffy, Simon Armitage and the pre-1914 poems.

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my last duchess

"all smiles stopped together"

 - he killed he so she stopped smiling at and men and they stopped smiling at her

 - proud of himself / boasting

 - regrets doing it " all smiles" including his

 - powerful

 - no remorse / trophy

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my last duchess

"looking as if she were alive"

 - beginning introduces she is dead

 - boasting / jelousy / dominant / hate / outrage

 - jelous of his last duchess

 - feels he justified the reason to kill her

2 of 22

sonnet 130

" i think my love as rare"

 - ryhming couplet shows relationship

 - contrast other cliches

3 of 22

sonnet 130

structure

 - iambic pentameter connotes love

 - he loves her for who she is not what she looks like

4 of 22

on my first sonne

" farewell child of my right hand"

 - oldest son gets everything such as land

5 of 22

on my first sonne

"my sinne"

 - feels guilty that sonne died as it is his fault

 - sinne is stronger

 - grief

 - pride

6 of 22

the laboratory

" and her breast and her arms and her hands, should drop dead"

 - creates excitement by repeating the word "and"

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the laboratory

"let death be felt"

 - doesnt want a quick death

 - experience in killing

 - wants it to be painful

8 of 22

Hitcher

" following the sun to west from east"

 - backwards to show the hitchers perspective on life

" the ansaphone kept screaming"

 - miscommunication with the outside world

9 of 22

hitcher

" didnt even swerve"

 - experienced

 - no emotion / proud or happy

 - free intention to kill

 - wants to permanantly disfirgure

 - strategic / clinical

 - wants to remove the hitchers identity

10 of 22

kid

"batman, big shot"

 - spitting it out in anger

 - harsh 'b' sound connotes shooting of bullets

 - it is the beginning of the peom so it is effective

 - stopping the community focusing in batman want them to focus on him

 - batman and robin could be the metaphor for a father and son

 - robin is getting more confident

11 of 22

kid

"now im the real boy wonder"

 - it is the beginning of the peom so it is effective

 - stopping the community focusing in batman want them to focus on him

 - batman and robin could be the metaphor for a father and son

 - robin is getting more confident

12 of 22

mother, any distance

" Anchor. Kite"

 - the anchor is a metaphor for the mother

 - the kite is a metaphor for the son

 - portrays the relationship between mother and daughter

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mother, any distance

-  the first line of stanza one starts with " mother"

 - the first line of stanza two is "you"

 - the first line of stanza three is "i"

 - this portrays that the son is growing more independent

14 of 22

homecoming

"these ribs are pleats or seams"

 - describes himself as a product of the jacket

 - reconciliation

"it still fits"

 - no matter what happens they are still her parents

15 of 22

homecoming

"step backwards into it"

 - wants to get back where they were before the argument happened

structure

 - the stanza lengths vary which connotes that someone will be there for you depending on the different circumstances

16 of 22

before you were mine

" the decade ahead of my loud, possesive yell was the best one, eh?"

 - before i was born your life was better

 - sarcasm

 - control / acceptance / respect

17 of 22

before you were mine

" stamping stars from the wrong pavement"

 - connotes that she has crushed her mothers dream

 - broken the pavement

"marilyn"

 - secrets behind the pictures

 - mother is now dead, so is marilyn monroe " now your ghost clatters towards me"

18 of 22

stealing

" im a mucky ghost"

 - wants to be the centre of attention in the middle of the middle stanza

 - invisible to the outside world " ghost"

 - pride

" you dont understand a word im saying, do you?"

 - outcast / outsider

 - leaves the reader thinking

 - opens and closes the poem with a question

19 of 22

stealing

" frozen stiff, hugged to my chest, a fierce chill"

 - oxymoronic

 - contrasts with each other

" i watched my gloved hand twisting the doorknob"

 - outsider

 - knows what he is doing but doesn't try to stop himself

20 of 22

anne hathaway

" by touch, by scent, by taste"

 - multi sensory

 - life is complete

 - love

"romance and drama played..."

 - showed through experience

 - work / drama / tradgedy

21 of 22

anne hathaway

"next best bed"

 - memories they shared in that bed

 - relationship is stronger in that bed

 - love

"i hold him in the casket of my widows head"

 - her lover has passed away so she is holding him in her thoughts

22 of 22

Comments

Al

You can print these off, and quickly flash through them before an examination.

Rated 5* due to the very effective technique.

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