Middle English 1066-1485.
Renaissance Begins 1485-
- Mystery/Morality Plays.
- Epic prose
- Chivalric Romance (king Arthur)
- Influence of printing press 1474.
- Religious devotion
- Stock epithets
- illiterate population able to hear and see literature
- oral tradition
- church claimed women should be 'subservient to their husbands'
Henry VII 1509-1547
Elizabeth I (Elizabethan) 1558-1603.
- World view shifts from religion to afterlife.
- development of human potential
- unrequited,constant,timeless,courtly,subject to change love all represented.
- printing press stabilises English
- commoners welcomed at play productions.
- Drama becomes important - London playhouses
- masque and spectacle popular
- courtly love in poetry
- moarchs themselves were writers
- tragedies,comedies, sonnets,classical verse, allegorical poetry.
- Edmund Spenser
- Sir Phillip Sidney
James I (Jacobean) 1603-25
Charles I (Caroline) 1625-49
Commonwealth 1649-60 (Civil War)
Charles II (Restoration) 1660-85
Neoclassical Period 1660-1798
- Metaphysical Poetry
- restoration drama
- social comedy
- Charles I executed in 1649
- Puritans close theatres 1649-60
- 1660- theatres reopened under Charles II
- influence of court on drama/poetry/prose
- factories start popping up/demise of traditional village life.
- 50% males literate
- John Donne
- Robert Herrick
- Ben Jonson
Regency (Anne, George I, George II) 1700-60
Augustan (Englightenment) George III 1760-1820
- New Genre - Novel (Defoe)
- Biting satire - mocking those in power
- Picaresque, confessionals and satirical novels all well established by the end of the century.
- Romantic novels created for female audience
- Black-Precursor of the Romantic movement
- Epistolary novels
- Bawdy verse.
- Oliver Goldsmith
- Alexander Pope
Victorian/Industrial Revolution (Victoria) 1837-1901
- Passion and imagination
- influence of gothic and middle ages
- importance of rebellion
- desire for personal freedom
- society was the cause of evil, not people
- children = hopeless victims of poverty and exploitation
- themes of duty,nationalism and trade
- family values
- drama - comedy of manners
- novel was mass produced
- class and gender divide
- Jane Austen
- Leo Tolstoy
- Cristina Rossetti
- Charles Dickens
- Oscar Wilde
- Thomas Hardy
- Lord Byron
- Elizabeth Barrett Browning
Post Modernism 1952- (Elizabeth II)
Edwardian (Edward VII) 1901-10
George V 1910-36
George VI 1936-52
- War poetry
- WW1=questioning of life in all aspects
- preoccupation with social identity
- freudian psychology
- stream of consciousness
- traditional linear mocked
- free verse poetry
- parallelism, binary opposition
- deliberate irony
- Kitchen sink dramas (realism)
- drama of the absurd
- Tenessee Williams
- Elizabeth Jennings
- Carol Anne Duffy
- Ian McEwan
- Vernon Scannell