Words which can mean lots of different things.
E.g. Box - A 3D rectangle used to store things; A type of fighting which involves punching ('Let's box!')
Words which are similar in meaning are synonymous with each other.
E.g. Cold, freezing, chilly, Nippy
A comparison where it is said that one thing is another.
E.g. Mutton dressed as lamb.
E.g2. The game was decided my sudden-death.
E.g3. I could have died (of embarrassment).
Words used to refer to a particular person in speech.
E.g. 'Hey Alex, do you want to go to the ciema tomorrow?'
E.g2. 'Here's my homework, Miss.'
The vocabulary we use.
E.g. Children don't have a very broad lexicon.
The meaning of a word as written in the dictionary.
E.g. Love - A deep, tender, ineffable feeling of affection and solicitude toward a person, such as that arising from kinship, recognition of attractive qualities, or a sense of underlying oneness.
Expressions used to convey a meaning through an action which is unlikely to happen.
E.g. Let's play it by ear.
E.g2. Up the creek without a paddle.
A question attatched to the end of a sentence or statement, which is in some way rhetorical.
E.g. 'I enjoyed that, didn't you?'
E.g2. 'We should do something tomorrow, shouldn't we?'
Words which have the same spelling, but sound different and have different meanings.
E.g. Dove - a species of bird associated with peace/
I dove into the water.
A gap in speech shown by a hesitational vocal noise.
Words which are pronounced in the same way, but are spelt differently and mean different things.
E.g. Their, they're, there.
Expressions that can't be understood unless you know the context of what is being said.
E.g. 'That boy over there' - You wouldn't know which boy was meant unless you could see who the speaker was gesturing to.