English Language terminology

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euphemism

a more socially acceptable/'polite' way of saying something that may be considered taboo

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dysphemism

the blunt expression of a 'distasteful' or 'taboo' word

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connatation

the associations you make with a word

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denotation

what a word literally means

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semantic field

words which belong in the same category of meaning

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idiolect

your individual commonly used words/phrases

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dialect

words specific to a particular region speech

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descriptivism

the theory that language should only be described, not judged as language uses chane according to PAC

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PRESCRIPTIVISM

the theory that there are 'rules' governing language that we should all adhere to

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socialect

the language common to a particular social groups

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convergence

the 'mirroring' of lang to fit a social purpose

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syntax

word order

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syntactical parallelism

using the same sentence structure

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elliptical sentence

grammatically incorrect sentence

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deixis

words such as 'this' 'that'- sort of verba pointing

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taboo

common in text, social networking as part as socialect

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prosodic features

paralinguistic vocal elements of speoken anguage that give emphasis, create humour, suggest the intended meaning

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lexis field

linked to specific context and be part of sociolect or idiolect

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synonym

words with a similar meaning

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common noun

naming name

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auxiliary verb

helper verb- to have,to be

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ellipsis

missing out words, incomplete sentence

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neologism

new word

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compounding

two words are stuck together in their entirety to make a new word

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blending

two words moulded to make a new word

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shortening

chopping a bit off the end of a word

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main verb

doing or being word

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Comments

Paul Dutton


A useful guide to relevant terminology to be used as a quick revision tool.

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