English Language - Form - Other types of text

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You might have to write Speeches or Radio Scripts

  • Speech and radio script questions often ask you to argue or persuade

"Write the text for a speech in which you persuade local shopkeepers to get more involved in recycling activities" - This means you can use a whole range of persuasive devices

  • Structure your writing to give it dramatic impact. E.g. start with simple issues then build up to the more emotional ones.
  • Imagine the words being spoken aloud. The sound can affect your audience's emotional reaction: "These accusations are hateful, hurtful and humiliating" - Alliteration and using a set of three adjectives makes this statement sound strong and angry.
  • Use a range of sentence structures to make it sound like spoken language. Put in some exclamations and questions. Use contractions - 'we'll' and 'she's' instead of 'we will' and 'she is', to make the speech sound more engaging and personal to the audience. Vary the length of your sentences to show pauses and emphasis too.
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Think about who your audience is

  • If it's a speech, don't forget that you can talk directly to your audience. Use plenty of personal pronouns - 'I', 'you' and 'we'. Also refer to why everyone is there listening, e.g. "thanks for coming to show your support for this cause".
  • There are plenty of chances to anticipate your audience's responses. This always goes down well with the examiner because it shows you understand your audience's point of view.

"You are probably sitting there wondering what gives me the right to tell you how to run your business" - you're guessing what they're thinking so you can deal with their concerns.

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Dont set out your writing like a play script

  • 'Write the text' means don't worry about fancy layout - just write normally. 
  • Organise your writing into clear, detailed paragraphs.
  • The examiner just wants to see if you can create the kind of writing that's suitable for this type of audience and occasion.
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