Always a web article
- What do you learn/understand?
- What is the item saying?
- How is it shown?
What to do:
- Retrieve info from Item 1
- Inferences (interpret what's written)
- Evidence (embedded quotes)
- Be as obvious as possible
- Look for key themes and ideas
NO ANALYSIS OF LANGUAGE OR PEE STRUCTURE
Examine effects of presentational features and how they link.
Study relationships between:
- headline and text
- image and text (comment on caption if there is one)
- headline, image and text
Ways to explore relationships between features:
- identifying key themes expressed in each feature e.g. theme of travel throughout the article
- type of lexis e.g. military lexis displayed throughout the article in headline + text
- language features e.g. hyperboles, alliteration, repitition, onomatepoeia.etc
How to study the image:
- use of colour, size, angle of image - any dramatic features?
Have a strong topic sentence to open your answer with!
How to go about an answer:
- Highlight thoughts and feelings expressed in the piece (thoughts are opinions and feelings are linked to emotions)
- Identify 4 key emotions chronologically as you read through the piece (the examiner looks for an answer that understands the change in emotions as the piece develops)
- Use these 4 emotions as points to illustrate the thought or feeling that has been written
- Each point has to be supported with evidence from the text
- Can write answer in 4 paragraphs, so that you have a point per paragraph with development to create a structure
- Pick evidence that can be analysed for features such as metaphors, similies, repitition, alliteration, sarcasm, irony.etc.
- If possible state language effect e.g. the use of "demon" highlights how Lomax portrays his torturer as an evil, demonic creature further displaying his resentment towards his past experiences.
- Analyse the language a little, but no PEE structure
- No conclusion
- Using Item 3 and either Item 1 or 2, with 24 mins to wite and plan
- Analysis of language, so can use the PEARL structure
P OINT E VIDENCE A NALYSE R EADER RESPONSE L INK (TO NEXT POINT)
- For high marks COMPARE similarities and differences between items
What to compare:
- Themes - whether they are the same, and how they are presented
- Language features - whether they use same language features or not, effects.etc
- Will get no marks for reffering to type of article, or describing sentence types
- Don't generalise your audience response, say the effect on the reader and what type of reader they are e.g. younger adults
- Link by themes in your topic sentences (should have a strong topic sentence for each point)
- Back up points with linguistic devices
- Use comparative words e.g. similarly, comparatively, whereas, however, constrastingly.etc
Shorter Writing Task (inform, explain, describe)
- 16 marks + marked for SPAG
- Formal style
- Usually on something personal such as an experience, decision or lifestyle choice
- Decide on a suitable type of audience and write to inform them appropriately
- A point per paragraph with a strong topic sentence informing your audience the theme of the paragraph - Give clear reasons and explanations
- Use facts and figures (can make them up)
- Use specialist lexis where possible
- Use conenctives
- Use linguistic devices for higher marks e.g. rhetorical questionning, alliteration, short sentences for effect.etc
- For Band 4, use the acronym SAD ELF
S tructured A udience aware D eveloped points E xtensive vocab L inguistic devices F ormal
Longer Writing Task (argue and persuade)
- 5 - 10 mins to plan and 25 - 30 mins to write
- 24 marks + SPAG
- Formal piece
- Usually a for or against piece on a contoversial topic, past papers have included: extreme sports, global warming.etc
- Choose either for or against, and decide on strongest points
- Divide points into paragraphs to create a clear, logical plan that creates an organised piece - have a structure with linked paragraphing for top marks
- Strong topic sentences needed for each point to introduce theme
- Needs a strong introduction, with either a good topic sentence or linguistic feature such as a rhetorical question
- Aim to incoporate 2-3 language devices in each paragraph for top marks
- Needs to be opinonated, and focused solely on that opinion
- Clear argument with valid reasons
- Use specialist and extensive vocabulary where possible and lots of connectives
- Needs to be 'convincing, compelling and engaging'