English Language Devices

These flashcards will enable you to recognise and understand some of many English language devices needed within the exam and will help to understand non-fiction and fiction texts.

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Pronouns

When the reader is addressed dirctly to involve them in the text.

Example:

'You can make a difference'

'We all need to help'

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Alliteration

The repetition of a sound or a letter.

Example:

The fast and furious footballer stormed across the pitch.

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Facts and Statistics

Statements that are proven to be true. Data that is used to support a fact.

Example:

Alchol consumption is on the rise with 86% of children having tasted alcohol by the age 18.

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Opinions and Anecdotes

Personal stories and thoughts from the writer.

Example:

Last Christmas the most awful thing happened to me...

Surely you agree that Paul's Boutique is the outfit of chavs.

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Repetition

When an idea or phrase is repeated for emphasis.

Example:

Imagine a world without poverty. Imagine a world without hate.

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Rhetorical Question

A question that does not require an answer but makes the reader think about an issue.

Example:

Do homeless people really deserve the lives they have?

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Emotive Language

Words or phrases that appeal to the reader's emotions.

Example:

The innocent woman was beaten savagely by her brutal attacker.

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Sentence Types

The different types of sentences used to engage the reader, e.g. short and shocking or long and detailed.

Example:

Southend, a seaside town, is always looking to attract tourism; from selling ice-cream to walking across the pier. But wasting millions on a sculpture is a shocking idea. Ridiculous!

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Triples

When three reasons are given or three adjectives are used to describe something.

Example:

Boring, dull and mundane; another wet Sunday stuck indoors.

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Tone

How the text is addressed to the reader, e.g. formally, informally, with humour, sarcasm etc.

Example:

I am writing to inform you...

Don't be jel, be reem.

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Comments

Ryhima-Laila Jadoon

thanks these are really helpful!

LeMotherOfJesus

Your welcome. :)

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