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Power in discourse

Language used to show power.

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Power behind dicsourse

Power of orginisations for example teachers

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Political Power

Power held by politicians e.g. the police and those working in the law.

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Influential Power

Power of the language, making you to do something e.g. advertising, politics, media and culture. (wanting something without obvious force)

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Instrumental power

Enforceable- if we don't adhere penalties may be forced e.g. law, education, business and management.

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Personal power

Power as a result of occupation or role in an organisation.

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Pedagogical power

Using knowledge and ideas to influence peopel e.g. teaching.

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Practical power

Power through physical actions, violence,skills,money, good or services.

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Power asymmentry

A mared difference in the power ststus of individuals involved in discourse.

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Unequal encounter

(Fairclough 2001) One speaker is less powerful than the other.

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Powerful participant

Higher status speaker

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Less powerful participant

Less power speaker

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Ways in which powerful participant may block or control the contribution of less powerful participant.

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Social group power

Those who hold power as a result of social variables e.g. class, gender, and age. Typically (through not exclusively) white, middle-class men hold positions pf power.

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