English language

definitions of different parts of child language aquisition that I need to remember!

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Sound Deletion - teaching phonetics

The teacher says the word, the child then repeats this word. They then repeat it again, but with no sound the second time.

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Oral Blending - teaching phonetics

Opposite to Oral segmenting. The teacher says each sound of a word and the child responds with the completed word. E.g. Teacher: "b/a/l" Child: "ball".

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Oral segmenting - teaching phonetics

The teacher says the word and the child responds with how the word would be spelt out. E.g. Teacher: "ball" Child: "b/a/l".

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Phoneme Substitution - teaching phonetics

Turning a word into another word by changing one letter. E.g. cat into hat, by the substitution of one phoneme.

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Phoneme Identity - teaching phonetics

The recognisation of the common sound in different words. E.g. boy and bell = 'b'.

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Phoneme Isolation - teaching phonetics

The ability to identify where a sound appears in a word or what sound appears in a given position in a word. 

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Phoneme?

The smallest single identifiable sound.

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Digraph?

Two letters which make one sound different from the sound either letter can make on their own. E.g. sh, ch, th, ph. 

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Grapheme?

A letter or a group of letters of representing one sound. E.g. sh,ch, igh, ough.

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What did Ruth Kelly do?

She made phonics compulsory in reading in 2007.

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Tetragraph?

'ough'

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Trigraph?

'igh'

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