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English exam terms

persification-the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something non-human, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form

simile-a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid (e.g. as brave as a lion )

metaphor-a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable

sibilance-a literary device where strongly stressed consonants are created deliberately by producing air from vocal tracts through the use of lips and tongue. Such consonants produce hissing sounds. However, in poetry, it is used as a stylistic device and sibilants are used more than twice in quick succession

enjambment- the continuation of a sentence without a pause beyond the end of a line, couplet, or stanza

ceasura-a pause near the middle of a line

adverb-a word, phrase, or clause that modifies the meaning of a verb, adjective, or other adverb

adjective-a word, phrase, or clause that describes a noun or pronoun

oxymoron-a figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction

tense-1st 2nd 3rd person

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