eng lit lang key words

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maxim of quantity

MAXIM OF QUANTITY IS AS INFORMATIVE AS IS NEEDED.

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maxim of quality

MAXIM OF QUALITY IS TRUTHFUL AND DOES NOT GIVE OUT FALSE INFORMATION

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MAXIM OF RELATION

MAXIM OF RELATION- THE INFORMATION HAS TO BE RELEVANT TO THE DISCUSSION

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MAXIM OF MANNER

MAXIM OF MANNER IS CLEAR, BRIEF AND AVOIDS AMBIGUITY.

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SCHEMA

EXPECTATIONS OF CONVERSATION IN THE TOPIC OR CONTEXT. E.g. interviews

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turn-taking

The process by which speakers co-construct conversation.

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Adjacency pairs

A simple structure of two turns E.g. question: would you like a job?   answer: yes

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Dispreferred response

A second part of an adjacency pair that doesn’t fit in with

what the speaker of the first part wants to hear. E.g. question: would you like the job? answer: no thats the dispreferred response.

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insertion sequence

Additional sequence between the two parts of an adjacency pair. E.g.

A: Do you want to go the cinema?

B: Why, what’s on?

A: Star Wars.

B: Yes!

 

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Transition relevance place

A natural point foranother speaker to take a turn.

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constraint

Constraint: The influence a more powerful speaker can have on another speaker.

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filler

A non-verbal sound that acts like pause –either to signal uncertainty or simply as a ‘breathing space’ for the speaker.

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false start

When a speaker begins to speak, stops and then starts again.

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repair

When a speaker corrects some aspect of what they have said – the error might be a grammatical one or the use of a wrong word, accident or mentioning something    inappropriate.

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skip connector

A word or phrase that returns to the conversation or previous topic

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Deixis:

Deixis: Understanding the information due to

being in the context dependent situation.

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Ellipsis

Ellipsis: Recipient understands the shortened expression as omission of words are sued for economic reasons.

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speaker support/overlap

Words or phrases that show attention oragreement, and encourages a speaker to carry on talking.

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Discourse markers

Words used to change the topic.

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