Energy Balance

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Energy Intake

  • This comes from food and drink
  • 1g carbohydrate = 4 kCal
  • 1g protein = 4 kCal
  • 1g alcohol = 7 kCal
  • 1g fat = 9 kCal
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Energy Expenditure

  • Exercise
  • Rest
  • Activity/ occupation
  • BMR: 60-70%
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Maintaining Weight

  • Energy in = energy out
  • Your weight will stay the same when the calories consumed are the same as the calories burned
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Losing Weight

  • Energy in < energy out
  • You will lose weight when the calories consume are less than the calories you burn
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Gaining Weight

  • Energy in > energy out
  • You will gain weight when the calories consumed are greater than the calories burned
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