End Of Life

GCSE Religious Studies - Philosophy

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What are Christian beliefs about the soul?

What is the relationship between the body and the soul?

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CHRISTIAN BELIEFS = only humans have a soul, it is non physical and the part of the body which God can develop a relationship with. It makes each person special.

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BODY AND SOUL = there may be conflict as the soul folllows God (spiritual) where as the body looks for more earthly pleasures.

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What are the Christian beliefs about life after death?

What do others believe (Hindus/Buddhists/Sikhs/Athiests)?

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CHRISTIAN BELIEFS = Christians belief we are judged according to our actions and then sent to Heaven or Hell.

Others may believe we take the form of ghosts/physics or spirits.
Hindus/Buddhists/Sikhs believe in re-incarnation of the soul/self of a person.
Athiests believe that death is the end and there is no life beyond it.

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What are the Christian beliefs of God as a judge?

What is the relationship between God as a judge, life on earth and the after life?

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CHRISTIAN BELIEFS = that God can see into men's hearts more than they can, and therefore he has the ability to judge people justly/fairly. The final judgement after death when the good are sent to heaven and the bad to hell (e.g. in sheep + goats parable). He expects good deeds from us and has infinite mercy (can always forgive) because Jesus was his sacrifice.

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN GOD AS JUDGE/LIFE ON EARTH/AFTER LIFE = God is watching our life on earth and this has an impact on how we live by: loving our neighbours, developing faith by going to church, uphold bible morals (e.g. by being a steward), family decisions of having children/getting married and giving money to charity.

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What are the Christian and Athiest beliefs of heaven?

Who will go there?

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CHRISTIAN BELIEFS = Heaven is the ultimate place of paradise where every Christian aims to be after death as God lives there. It's peaceful and happy.

ATHIEST BELIEFS = Athiests do not believe in Heaven and feel it is only made up as an excuse to live morally.

WHO WILL GO = parables of: the rich man and lazarus (rich man goes to hell because he treats those less fortunate badly), sheep and goats separated according to how they live, and the thief who believed in Jesus was forgiven and went to Heaven with him.

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What are the traditional and modern views of hell?

Who will go there?

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TRADITIONAL VIEWS = it's a fiery and painful place which inflicts guilt and suffering on residents. Full of demons that torture the souls of bad people who go there.

MODERN VIEWS = not fiery/painful, rather a state of loss than place. People are punished for their sins and separated from God.

WHO WILL GO = parable of rich man, who failed to show love and care for the less fortunate. People who have sinned.

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What do Christians believe about purgatory?

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CHRISTIAN BELIEFS = Roman Catholics teach that purgatory is a place of temporary suffereing and separation from God. The soul resides there until it is free of sin before going to heaven. Catholics on earth pray for sins in purgatory in the hope that they will be quickly cleansed.

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What is the general order of service at a funeral and the principles of them?

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A funeral usually takes place as a short service in a church or chapel. Focus on the good things (celebrating their life).
There is at least one bible passage read (showing Christians love for eternal life), followed by prayers (asking God to comfort the bereaved and thank you for the deceased's life). There is then a eulogy (a short talk about the dead; highlighting their achievements/personality) and hymns are sang (showing comfort from God during hard times).
The body is then buried or cremated and more prayes are said at the graveside.
Finally there is a wake with refreshments - friends and family can talk and discuss their loss/memories.

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