End of Life

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  • Created by: Kescott
  • Created on: 05-06-16 17:36

What is the Soul?

  • Everyone has one
  • It's what makes us unique
  • Invisible and lives on forever
  • Have a soul = death is not the end
  • No soul = nothing beyond earthly life
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Christians Beliefs About the Soul?

  • Common ideas:
    • non-physical part of human
    • part of human that lives on after body dies
    • spiritual aspect that makes every person unique
    • part of human that allows us to relate to Go
  • Everyone has a soul separate from physical body, which lives on after body dies, making humans distinct from other creatures
  • "God created man in his own image" - humans have divine spark
  • "breathed into his nostrils the breath of life" - this is the soul so only humans have a soul
  • Immorality of the soul:
    • Jesus conquered death when he was resurrected and ascended to Heaven
    • Jesus suggests Abraham, Moses and Elijah live on in a spiritual realm
    • something non-material and immortal about human mind
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What is the Relationship Between the Body and the

  • Body houses soul - body dies & soul reunited with God
  • "I believe... in the resurrection of the body" - physical/spiritual
  • God raised Jesus from the dead - this will happen to Christians too
  • Soul & body conflict - body wants to fulfill desires and pleasures but soul wants to please God
  • St. Paul - let the spirit guide them, soul more important than physical body
  • Not believe in reincarnation - only 1 life on Earth
  • "Day of Judgement" - resurrection of body, God judges everyone on faith and actions on Earth
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What is Death?

  • Death is the end of life
  • Medical - when the brain ceases to function
  • Religious - when the soul leaves the body
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What is the Christian Idea About Life After Death?

  • Death is not the end (life after death) but cannot explain what death is like
  • Immortal soul continues eternal life in Heaven, Hell or Purgatory (Catholics)
  • Reunited with loved ones in ideal situation
  • Jesus promised a place for all who believed in him
  • Where the soul is sent depends on God's judgement on the "Day of Judgement"
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What do Christians Believe About Judgement?

  • "He shall come again to judge the living and the dead"
  • Time of Judgement coincide with the Parousia
  • Judgement is to take place at the end of time
  • Until then kept in waiting area (Purgatory)
  • Roman Catholics believe Purgatory is where souls of the dead go when they are not ready for Heaven
  • "The Sheep and the Goats" - how God will judge humans - separated into 2 groups:
    • those who have followed Jesus in good lives will be rewarded (sheep)
    • those who have sinned will be damned to Hell eternally without God
  • Direct connection between actions in life and destination of afterlife
  • "Do not judge, or you too will be judged" - only God makes these decisions
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What do Christians Believe About Heaven?

  • Those who have followed God while on Earth will go to Heaven
  • A place free from suffering spending eternity with God
  • Sinners who repent can go to Heaven
  • "There will be no more death or mourning or crying or pain" - place with no evil or suffering
  • Prepare themselves by making the world a better place like God intended
  • The Parable of the Sower, the Parable of the Seed Growing Secretly and the Parable of the Mustard Seed - appearance of God's Kingdom depends on response to His word
  • Correct response - not only Kingdom made but individual rewarded with entry to it and eternal life
  • Heaven is a reward for those who follow God's ways
  • To bring the Kingdom to Earth there needs to be a change in human values
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What do Christians Believe About Hell?

  • People who did not accept God's word would be sent to Hell for eternal punishment
  • People who have chosen not to accept the Gospel cannot reach Heaven
  • People who have not encountered Christianity can reach Heaven
  • Bible unclear
  • The Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus - diseased, poor man rewarded & rich man punished
  • Some believe strongly in Hell for those who have commited terrible crimes
  • Others say God's saving power extends to everyone, whatever their sins
  • Biblical descriptions of Hell are symbolic to help people understand the concept
  • Different interpretation - the body and soul both no longer exist (annihilation)
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What do Christians Believe About Salvation and Red

  • Controversial topic
  • Beliefs about salvation and eternall life closely linked to beliefs about Jesus
  • Jesus provided perfect example of how to live
  • Through death he resolved the problem of sin and human failure
  • He conquers death through the resurrection, showing God's power over death
  • He brought man and God back together (atonement)
  • Roman Catholics - lead better lives by confessing sins to a Priest for forgiveness (Sacrament of Reconciliation)
  • Jesus accepted as personal saviour and his example followed can shar ewternal life and salvation as reward
  • This is known as redemption
  • Salvation = everyone
  • Redemption = personal
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What is a Funeral?

  • A ceremony marking the end of a person's life
  • Series of rituals known as rites
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What Happens During a Christian Funeral?

  • Several rites depending on denomination and person
  • Christian minister visit dying person as they may wish to confess sins
  • Roman Catholics may receive the Anointing of the Sick, a sacrament, anointed with Oil of Unction, consecrated by Bishop each year
  • During ceremony there are a number of key features:
    • Bible reading: often refers to afterlife "I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in me will live even though he dies"
    • Prayers: 
      • deceased - entrusted in God's care
      • bereaved - keep safe and have strength to carry on in lives
    • Eulogy: speech given remembering life of the deceased 
    • Hymns: suggested by deceased or family
    • Eucharist: Roman Catholics - reminds those present of death and resurrection of Jesus and brings hope of eternal life
    • The committal: committed to earth with words "Ashes to ashes, dust to dust; in sure and certain hope of resurrection to eternal life"
      • cremated or buried - prayers often said graveside
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How do Funeral Rites Aim to Support the Bereaved?

  • Acknowledgement the deceased person is no longer part of this world but is with God - providing closure so can move on in lives
  • Family and friends draw comfort from each other and remember the person lost
  • Celebrate life of the deceased
  • Express feelings and emotions for deceased and share with others who knew the person
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