Elizabethan England: Marriage

Marriage (1)

Why should Elizabeth marry?

- To form a powerful alliance and increase England's influence abroad.

- To produce an heir to carry on the Tudor bloodline.

- To prevent MQS from ruling England.

Why shouldn't Elizabeth Marry?

- England could fall under foriegn control.

- Marrying would mean that Elizabeth could potentially lose her authority in England.

- Not marrying would allow Elizabeth to maintain her independence and continue ruling as king and queen.

- Childbirth was risky.

- Mary I's foriegn marriage had been a disaster.

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Marriage (2)

Why didn't Elizabeth marry?

- She took her duty seriously and said that she was already married to her country. "I already have a husband, namely my kingdom."

- She didn't want to lose her power as queen.

- She couldn't marry Dudley (her supposed lover) because he was accused of murdering his wife to marry Elizabeth-it would confirm rumours and tarnish Elizabeths reputation.

- Marrying a foreign monarch would mean that England's needs would become second to that of the new kings country and England could potentally come completely under the control of the foreign king.

- Marrying an Englishaman could cause jealously and resentment amongst noble families and lead to instability.

- Her dysfunctional childhood led her to hate the idea of marriage and at the age of eight she declared that she would never marry.

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Parliament and Marriage (1)

Parliament became increasingly concerned at the lack of an heir, they saw it was their duty to find a match for Elizabeth and secure the future of England. By 1566 parliament was openly discussing potential matches.

Smallpox scare: Elizabeth nearly died in 1562 without an heir.

Age 50: Elizabeth was reaching the end of her childbearing years.

How did Elizabeth react to parliament?

- Elizabeth was furious, she saw them discussing her personal affairs as unacceptable interference and banned them from ever discussing the issue again.

 

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Parliament and Marriage (2- The Wentworth Affair)

The Wentworth Affair.

- A politician named Peter Wentworth ignored Elizabeth's orders and argued that parliament should be able to discuss whatever it liked.

- Realising how the queen might react, the rest of parliament had Wentworth arrested and imprisoned in the Tower of London before Elizabeth blamed all of them for Wentworths opinions.

- This is one example of a clash between parliament, she believed that certain issues such as marriagewere entirely her decision and had nothing to do with parliament.

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Elizabeth's Relationship with Parliament.

- Elizabeth's relationship with parliament remained difficult throught her reign.

- Parliment had been disscussing the issues of Elizabeth's marital status and religious grievances when they shouldn't have been.

How did Elizabeth control her parliament? 

- The force of her own personality.

- Using the Royal Veto.

- Appointing the speaker.

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