Elizabeth

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Extravagance 1603-1610

  • Wardrobe went from £9,000 to £36,000
  • James spent increasing amounts on his favourites
  • Gave away £60,000 to £80,000 to Scots which upset the English ( Xenophobia)
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First Parliament 1604-1610

  • Concerned with voting subsidies
  • Conerns with custom duties, purveyance and Wardships
  • Discontent over finance
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Second Parliament 1614

  • Addled Parliament
  • Parliament attached James and his favourites as well as not voting any money
  • James dissolved them
  • Ruled without Parliament until 1621
  • Bad relationship
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Third Parliament 1621

  • Higlighted how James thought he didnt need Parliament
  • Needed in desperate measures
  • Held in hard times
  • Economic depresssion caused by '30 Years War' and fall in exports, bad harvests and a rise in support for anti-spanish policy
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Vagrancy and Poor Law Acts 1598

  • Shows Elizabeth dealing with problems
  • Vagrancy - Houses of correction set up, vagrants whipped and returned to parished of birth
  • Poor Law - Set up apprenticeships to train young boys and girls
  • Appointed overseers of the poor and provide relief to those who can't work
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Inflation 1590

  • Financial Struggles
  • Food prices rose by 35% which led to famine
  • Solution: - Statutes regarding the export of corn

                    - Farmer only export when there is a surplus

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Irish Rebellion 1595-1603

  • 1595 Tyrone has an army of 1000 cavlry, 1000 pikemen, 4000 muskateers
  • Tyrone asks King Phillip for help
  • Tyrone attacks and damaged Englands forces - declared traitor
  • 1596-97 2000 men to Ireland - outnumbered by Tyrone and only signed truces
  • 1599 Essex led 16,000 men to Ireland, outnumbering Tyrone, signed a Truce
  • 1600 Lord Mountjoy  appointed Lord General
  • 1601 4,400 men from Spain, Lord Mountjoy still defeated them all
  • Tyrone surrenders
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Essex Rebellion 1601

  • Elizabeth's Authority ( set an example for others)
  • He was becoming increasingly frustrated
  • Essex led an uprising of 300 men to capture Elizabeth which failed, he was then arrested and executed
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Monopolies Crisis 1601

  • Showed Elizabeth couldn't deal with it well first time
  • Chose not to ignore
  • A bill was introduced to look at legality of monopolies
  • House refused to think about subsidies until monopolies problem was resolved
  • Some monopolies were revoked ( salt and vinegar)
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Spanish Armada 1588

  • Spain set out to invade England but are unsuccessful
  • Also sent two more unsuccessful armadas in 1597/8
  • Highlighted Elizabeths and Englands strength and her leadership skills
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Oxfordshire Rising 1596

  • Elizabeths authority and control highlighted
  • Not a serious threat
  • Resistance due to rising prices
  • Led by 3 men, only 4 men turned up and a dog
  • Arrested and ordered to be executed
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Union with Scotland 1604-1607

  • Parliament didnt like Scots (Xenophobia)
  • House of Commons against the union
  • Thought that scots would take advantage
  • Blocked in 1607
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Earl of Suffolk appointed Lord Treasurer 1611-1616

  • James bad at appointing effective treasurers
  • Did not help James' spending
  • Incompetant and dishonest
  • 1616 deficit = £160,000
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Great Contract 1610

  • James was greedy
  • HIghlighted that James and Parliament had a bad relationship
  • Parliament asked for James to give up all royal perogatives everyone hated and wardship for a large sum of money per year (£200,000)
  • James demanded double but parliament refused
  • James dismissed them
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The Overbury Scandal 1615-1616

  • Courtiers were scandalous
  • Carr had an affair with Lady Essex
  • Lady Essex wanted an annulment but Overbury was against it
  • Overbury sent to Tower of London
  • Sent Overbury pie with poison and both Carr and Lady Essex were charged with murder
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The Cockayne Project 1615-1617

  • James wasn't trusted
  • Cockayne wanted to stop exporting half finished cloth and export finished cloth instead
  • James took away monopoly from current holders and gave it to Cockayne
  • Not enough money, skill or expertise
  • 1618 cloth trade collapsed
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Gunpowder Plot 1605

  • Threat from Catholics
  • An attempt to blow up Houses of Parliament
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Book of Bounty and Book of Rates 1608

  • James wreckless with money they needed a book
  • Used to limit James' spending/expenditure
  • New 'Book of Rates' brought in an extra £70,000 a year
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Series of Poor Harvests 1594-1596

  • Financial state of the economy was low
  • Led to increased mortality rates and poverty
  • 1595 food riots
  • SOLUTION: Statute against the conversions to pasture and statue against engrossing farms
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Shirley's Case 1604

  • Confirmed privilege
  • Arrested for debt and sent to prison
  • Parliament claimed to have freedom from arrest
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Monopolies Crisis 1597

  • Elizabeth is not dealing with financial problems well at all
  • She needs money as she is resorting to monopolies
  • Increasingly relied on monopolies to fund Spanish War
  • Monopolies incresaed in number and on what they can be used on
  • Monopolies increased amount of products/commodities
  • Elizabeth promised to deal with the problem but ignored it instead
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Earl of Dorset made Treasurer 1603

  • Useless
  • 1603-05 He was useless
  • Debt stood at £750,000 by 1606
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