Elizabeth I & relations with foreign Powers

  • Created by: cieran32
  • Created on: 08-11-18 22:36

Elizabeth I's Relations with France and Scotland

Whilst consolidating her power, Elizabeth had to deal with the threat of Scotland and France.

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Mary Queen of Scots and Francis II

  • Elizabeth I's cousin, Mary was the Queen of Scotland.
  • Mary had married Prince Francis of France.
  • Following the death of Francis' father, Henry II, Mary and her husband became the rulers of France.
  • However, Francis II died in 1560 and Mary returned to Scotland
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Secure the Scottish Border

  • Elizabeth I's cousin, Mary was the Queen of Scotland.
  • Mary had married Prince Francis of France.
  • Following the death of Francis' father, Henry II, Mary and her husband became the rulers of France.
  • However, Francis II died in 1560 and Mary returned to Scotland
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The Scottish Protestant Rebellion

  • Under pressure from her advisors, Elizabeth I supported a rebellion in Scotland against Mary of Guise (the regent of Scotland).
  • This rebellion was led by John Knox and Scottish noblemen, called the Lords of the Congregation.
  • After successfully seizing power, these noblemen formed a parliament and reformed the Church of Scotland.
  • This reduced Scotland's threat to Elizabeth I
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The treaty of Edinburgh

  • The Treaty of Edinburgh was signed between England, Scotland and France in 1560.
  • This treaty put an end to the rebellion led by the Lords of the Congregation.
  • The treaty ended the Auld Alliance between Scotland and France, reducing the threat of these countries to England.
  • Elizabeth I secured peace with France by signing the Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis.
  • This demonstrates Elizabeth I's desire to avoid costly wars and keep peace with England's neighbours.
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French wars of religion

  • In 1562 France was thrust into the Wars of Religion.
  • This was a conflict between Catholics and Huguenots (Protestants).
  • This internal fighting meant France was less of a threat to England.
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Elizabeth I's Relations with Spain

King Philip II ruled Spain and the Netherlands. As a Catholic monarch, Philip was a potential threat to Elizabeth I.

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Phillip II ban of English clothing imports

  • The Netherlands was a vital trading partner with England.
  • In 1563, Philip II banned English cloth imports to the Netherlands.
  • This damaged England's economy
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Reasons for the ban

  • This ban was supposedly meant to protect the Netherlands against infection from England.
  • However, in reality it was a reaction against England's growing power in their trading relationship. It may also have been in response to Elizabeth ignoring the Protestant messages English merchants were spreading to the Dutch people
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Elizabeth's response

  • Elizabeth also banned dutch imports.
  • By 1564, both bans were lifted and trade relations returned to normal. 
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The treaty of Spain

  • Although Elizabeth tried to maintain peace with Philip II, she was aware of the threat he posed.
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