Main Causes Of Poverty
1). Changes in Farming- Farmers started to have live stock, instead of growing crops
2). Collapse of The Cloth Trade- collapsed because the Netherlands stopped supplying it to us, because of King Philip (Spain) telling them too. 10,000 people out of work
3). Rising Population- Increasing after black death, more demand for resources which put prices up. E.g food and clothes. Resulting in less jobs being available as there more people
These are the most important because with no job you can't earn any income.
3 Types of Poor
Impotent Poor- Were not able to work through incurable illness
Poor- Who couldn't work through misfortune e.g wounded solider
Idle Poor- Able to work, but chose not too.
Vagabonds: Wandering Beggars who were fit and strong, but deliberately avoided work. the travelled in groups around the country robbing, stealing and begging. Ordinary people were terrified by them. They where the worst Idle Poor- Elizabethan people despised them
To what extent did Elizabeth solve the problem of
- Elizabeth's Privy Councillors were often told by JP'S and MP'S that poverty was not just a local problem but was growing throughout the country
- It became increasingly obvious that people were genuinely unable to work and needed help.
How London dealt with poverty?
- Christ's hospital in newgate market= Poor fartherless children where brought up.
- Bridewell= A house of correction founded by King Edward VI. It was a workhouse for the poor and idle people in the city.
- Vagarants without any lawful means of livelihood were sentenced to be hung. Vagarants who had been vagabonds in other parts of the country are sentenced to be flogged and burn't on the right ear.
- Lord Mayor and Common Council ordered that people should pay towards the maintaining of the poor.
How did Ipsiwch deal with poverty?
- At tower church citizens shall make offerings to the poor
- The house of Nlsckfairs shall be a hospital for the poor
- Clotheirs of this town shall set the poor to work. If any shall refuse they shall be punished
How did Norwich deal with poverty?
- Their shall be a workplace for poor men and women
- Any vagabonds should be arrested
- Officers shall appoint women to take care of idle women
- No person shall beg in streets
- Names of poor to be reviewed weekly.
Elizabethan attempts at relieving poverty
- caught begging they were burnt through the ear
- Local people to pay poor rates (tax) to help pay the costs of looking fater the poor - for the deserving poor
- houses of correction (form of prison) set up ehere beggars would be forced to work with no pay
- stock of materials kept in every town to create work for those who geuinely couldn't work
Most important act- Elizabeth poor law
- stayed in place till 1834
- work houses were to be set up in each parish- they weren't as harsh as houses of correction
- elderly alms houses were built
- begging was banned- punished by whipping
- poor rates to be called by every parish
- apprentaships to be created for orphans