El Nino and La Nina

impacts of El Nino and La Nina

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Chiclayo, Northern Peru

  • Simple construction got wet and collapsed
  • Improved forecasting warned them
  • Infrastructure destroyed including 30 bridges
  • Deserts turned to lakes (refugees escaped here)
  • Fishing in the desert lakes
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Corcona, Peru, Feb 1998

  • Rock slide
  • 1000s of tons of mud and rock sliding towards the town
  • One of Peru's worst weather events
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Ica, Southern Peru 1998

  • Flood
  • 250 drowned
  • 1000s evacuated
  • 350,000 lost their homes
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Acapuno, Mexico

  • Doesn't usually experience hurricanes
  • Hurricane Paulina gave 16 inches in 24 hours
  • Flash floods running down from the mountain
  • 400 dead in one day
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Papua New Guinea

  • Drought
  • Rainfall usually 3000-4000mm per year
  • In 1997 many areas had no rainfall at all
  • Forest fires wiped out vegetation and crops
  • 80,000 people critically at risk from drought and malnutrition
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Australia Floods (La Nina)

  • 35 dead
  • AUS$ 30 billion
  • An area the size of France + Germany was flooded
  • Coal mines shut down, crops were ruined and roads were washed away
  • More people were vulnerable due to building on floodplains and increased population density
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