In 1471, Edward landed in Yorkshire, with a small expeditionary force:
- He only had 1000 men (many of which were Flemish mercanaries), so Edward's chances were slim.
- Warwick was caught by suprise by Edward's invasion.
- Margaret of Anjou and her son were still in France.
The Battle of Barnet (The return of the King)
The Battle of Barnet:
- Edward claimed that he was merely returning to reclaim his duchy of York.
- Although he only gained limited support from the noble, none of them were prepared to fight against Edward.
- Deserted by Clarence, Warwick's forces were not strong enough to prevent Edward's troops from entering London.
- As a result, Edward regained control over Henry VI.
- Warwick's and Edward's armies met at Barnet.
- Warwick was decisively beaten and killed.
The Battle of Tewkesbury 1471 (Last battle)
The Battle of Tewkesbury was the last battle:
- In West England, Margaret and her son had landed.
- On the 4th MArch 1471, Edward IV was able to win again at the Battle of Tewkesbury because he was able to face his 2 main opponents in seperate conflicts.
- The Lancastrian forces were decisively beaten.
- The Prince of wales was killed which ended the threat to the throne.
The Results of this Battle:
- The male Lancastrian line was now exterminated as the Prince of Wales was killed.
- Leading Lancastrians (John Beaufort,Marquis of Dorset, and the Earl of Devon) were killed, along with Somerset.
- As a result of this, the House of Beaufort on the male side had been nearly exterminated as Margaret Beaufort (the female line) survived.
- Her son Henry Tudor was the new Lancastrian claiment to the throne.
Thomas Neville (Warwick's cousin) attempted to storm London:
- He did this to release Henry VI from the tower, and possibly capture the queen and her family.
- However, this attack had failed.
- Upon hearing the news of Tewkesbury, Neville eventually surrendered at Southhampton.
- 5 months later he was executed.
The fate of Henry VI
Henry VI was doomed because his heir was dead:
- Henry VI was killed as soon as Edward returned to London.
- A story was spread that Henry died of 'pure melancholy', when he heard about the death of his son, which not everyone believed.
The fate of Margaret of Anjou:
- Margaret was captured after Tewkesbury, by Sir William Stanley and was completely broken in spirit.
- Edward IV ordered her to be imprisoned in Wallingford Castle, and then the TOL.
- in 1475, she was ransomed by Louis XI of France.
- On the 25th August 1482, she died at the age of 52.