Education cases 1954.

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The Briggs Case.

  • South Carolina Clarendon County had 3 times more black students then white. $179 per year spent on white students, $43 per year on black students. This case brought up the Doll Test by Clark.
  • Pressure was put on them to pull out of the case. Defence rejected research from the Doll Test because they didn't believe that segregation had a psychological effect.
  • This case was a failure. Federal Districs Court found against Briggs by a majority of 2:1.
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Brown vs. the Board of Education of Topeka.

  • 7 year old had to walk across town to her black school because she wasn't allowed to attend the white school closer to her. It was put forward that blacks were just as intelligent and segregation made them feel inferior. If blacks are seperate they will never be equal.
  • Defence dismissed all arguments and used frivalous examples to undermine them eg. don't white students feel discriminated against if they don't make the football team etc.
  • Judgement was against Brown, Court allowed them to go to the Supreme Court. It kept hopes alive that the 'seperate but equal' legislation could be abolished.
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Davis case and consolidated Brown Case.

  • Barbara Rose Johns got into another high school assembly to call for strike to demand a better school because of an overflow of pupils and bad facilities. The highest paid black teacher was paid black teacher was payed less than the worst paid white teachers. The NAACP supported parents if they attacked segregation.
  • "I can only say that if this sort of guff can move any court, 'god save the state!'". Used the writings of W.E.B Du Bois to prove that not all blacks believed that desegregation would help them.
  • Justice Stanley Reed said he would go with the majority. Decided that seperate educational facilities were still unequal.
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