Functionalist views - see society as performing fu
- socialisation: learning the culture of society
- particularistic: one family's socialisation is different to others
- universalistic: needed by schools to make students aware of what all society expects
- primary: basic things: talking, walking etc. (usually done in family)
- secondary: extra practices expected in society which we learn at schools/workplace etc.
- skills: schools teach skills for the benefit of individual and so society can continue at its present level of technology
1 of 2
Functionalist views cont.
- selection: mainly by examinations
- helps to ensure that people with appropriate ability/talent are allocated to appropriate jobs [role allocation] - they see modern societies as'meritocracies' - people given positions on ability.
- achieved status has replaced ascribed status
- without selection, it is argued that a modern society would not operate efficiently.
- social solidarity: by teaching common beliefs/values (e.g. multicuralism of society, anti-bullying etc)
- schools help to unite the variety of members in a modern society.
- also referred to as value consensus - people agreeing on the same ideas - encouraged by schools.
2 of 2