• Functionalist views - see society as performing functions for the benefit of the whole
    • socialisation
    • skills
    • selection
    • social solidarity
  • Marxist views
    • Bowles & Gintis
    • Althusser
    • Bourdieu
    • [compare Willis]
  • History
    • 1870/1880
    • 1944
    • 1965+
    • 1970s
    • 1988
    • 2000 AS/A2
  • Differential Achievement [inside/outside]
    • class
    • gender
    • ethnicity

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  • Created by: minky
  • Created on: 06-01-10 21:21

Functionalist views - see society as performing fu

  • socialisation: learning the culture of society
    • particularistic: one family's socialisation is different to others
    • universalistic: needed by schools to make students aware of what all society expects
    • primary: basic things: talking, walking etc. (usually done in family)
    • secondary: extra practices expected in society which we learn at schools/workplace etc.
  • skills: schools teach skills for the benefit of individual and so society can continue at its present level of technology
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Functionalist views cont.

  • selection: mainly by examinations
    • helps to ensure that people with appropriate ability/talent are allocated to appropriate jobs [role allocation] - they see modern societies as'meritocracies' - people given positions on ability.
    • achieved status has replaced ascribed status
    • without selection, it is argued that a modern society would not operate efficiently.
  • social solidarity: by teaching common beliefs/values (e.g. multicuralism of society, anti-bullying etc)
    • schools help to unite the variety of members in a modern society.
    • also referred to as value consensus - people agreeing on the same ideas - encouraged by schools.
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Great summary of the main points and views of the Functionalists could you do this also for other perspectives, Marxism and Feminism.

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