Edexcel Music Mozart essay question

took someone elses document and thought it was a bit too much to learn opn its own. i hope putting it in bitesize chunks was a bit better

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  • Created by: camille
  • Created on: 17-09-11 10:00

Melody

There are 2 subjects which are repeated and developed.

1st subject

·         Repeated frantic melody

Answered by stepwise descending melody

·         First section is repeated again but down a step (Sequence)

2nd subject

·         Chromatic scale is used with descending semitones

The mood of this subject is more melancholy and calmer because of sighing motifs and chromatic scale

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Dynamics

First subject: quiet, apart from loud cadential section in middle. (bar 16 -->)

Transition: Loud

Second subject: starts quietly but builds in volume towards end.

Closing section: contrasts of loud and soft dynamics.

Development: begins and ends quietly with loud section in the middle.

Recapitulation: same as exposition however the loud transition section is longer.

 

The piece also contains crescendos and some accents

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Tempo

Molto allegro (very fast)

Remember this!

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Rhythm

Repeated quaver, quaver , crotchet pattern

Upbeats in the 1st subject - anacrusis 

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Metre (Time Signature)


  • 4/4 – simple quadruple time
  • No changes in metre
  • 8 bar regular phrasin
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Structure (Part 1)

Sonata form:

·         Exposition (G Minor) then modulates to relative Major: B flat major for the transition, second subject and closing codetta.

o   1st subject- Tonic

o   Bridge- Modulating

o   2nd subject- related

o   Codetta 

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Structure (Part 2)

·         Development- based on first subject and modulates widely exploring different related keys using the circle of fifths.

·         Recapitulation-Repeats material from the exposition but with a longer transition to enable entire section to be centred on the tonic key. Coda is longer to reinforce home key. The second subject doesn’t modulate but stays in home key.

o   1st subject – Tonic

o   Bridge- No modulation

o   2nd subject –Tonic

o   Coda 

No introduction.

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Tonality

Work is in G minor.

1st subject: G minor

2nd subject: B flat major ( relative major)

Exposition: Mozart modulated to relative major-B flat Major at the end of the 1st subject.(B flat major until end of exposition)

Development: Quickly modulates to F # Minor at the start. Chromatic passage leads to rapid modulations through circle of 5ths, until a passage of dominant preparation signals the return of the first subject in G minor.

Exposition: Mozart adapts the music of the exposition to stay close to the tonic key until the end of the movement.

All modulations are defined by frequent imperfect and perfect cadences and dominant pedals.

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Harmony and Instrumentation

Piece is Diatonic but has many modulations to different keys.Diminished 7th bar 63; Chromatic 2nd subject 

The original work was scored without the newly invented clarinets.

He was modest in his instrumentation needing only: 

·         7 woodwind players (1 flute, 2 clarinets, 2 oboes, 2 bassoons)

·         two horns(B flat and G)

·         2 violins

·         Viola

Double bass

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Texture

Mostly homophonic.

Frequent use of melody with accompaniment.

Development section has an important counterpoint section- contrapuntal section.

Octave doubling of melodies is often used (violins 1-16); the start of the second subject is divided in dialogue between woodwind and violins.

Melody dominated homophony

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Comments

Phoebe

Thank you! Helpful :)

Dan Conway

On Tonality:

Exposition:Mozart adapts the music of the exposition to stay close to the tonic key until the end of the movement.


should be

Recapitulation:Mozart adapts the music of the recapitulation to stay close to the tonic key until the end of the movement.


But otherwise, very good :)

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