Edexcel GCSE Music- Bernstein

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  • Created by: amy
  • Created on: 09-04-13 11:06

Bernstein-Performing forces

  • Tenor voice
  • Band: Brass, woodwind, strings, drums
  • Playing techniques: tremolo and pizz on strings; muted trumpets; brushes on drums
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Bernstein-Melody

  • Syllabic word setting with short note values (longer notes at end of phrases)
  • Augmented 4th interval important
  • Repeated notes ("cannonballing")
  • Wider range and more sustained melody at bridge
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Bernstein-Rhythm and Tempo

  • Time signature: 3/4 at start, 2/4 later
  • Tempo: Fast 176bpm
  • Rhythmic features:
    • Short note values generally, long notes end vocal phrases
    • Ostinato (riff), syncopation and cross rhythm
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Benrstein-Dynamics and Articulation

  • Soft beginning and end, with strong contrasts in middle
  • Mainly staccato articulation
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Bernstein-Harmony and Tonality

  • Harmony: Jazz harmony, including 6th, 7th and 9th chords
  • Tonality:
    • D major
    • Sections in C
    • But use of augmented 4th undermines key
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Bernstein-Texture

  • Vocal melody with homophonic accompaniment
  • Accompaniment based on riffs and oom-pah rhythm
  • Brief countermelody in strings
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Bernstein-Structure

  • Intro
  • Verses
  • Bridge ("around the corner")
  • Outro
  • No chorus
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Bernstein-Features of relevant style

JAZZ:

  • Syncopation
  • Riffs
  • Blue notes
  • Added-note harmony
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