Edexcel Food Technology Micronutrients - Vitamins

Use, source and diseases related to the vitamin micronutrients

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  • Created by: Gemma
  • Created on: 23-03-12 12:50

Fat and Water Soluble

Fat Soluble Vitamins are: A,D,E,K

Water Soluble Vitamins are: B1, B2, C

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Vitamin A

Uses: Body growth, eyesight and skin maintenance such as forming cells of skin and skin lining

Can be found in: Liver, egg, fish oils. (Only found in foods of animal origin)

A defiency will cause: Xerophalmia, where your eyesight may deteriorate and you may start to suffer from a condition called night blindness

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Vitamin D

Uses: Helps to absorb calcium, helps broken bones to heal, builds strong bones and teeth

Can be found in: Oily fish, egg yolk, liver

A defiency can cause: Rickets in children where they get bowed legs and osteomalacia in adults where bones have deformities

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Vitamin E

Uses: Mops up free radicals which cause damage to cells causing cancer and ageing. Helps keep liver and red blood cell membranes healthy

Can be found in: Vegetable oils, wheatgerm and cereals

Defiency: Is very rare and only occurs in people who have a fat malapsorption

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Vitamin K

Uses: Needed for blood to clot properly

Can be found in: Leafy green vegetables

Deficiency can cause: Important for bone health and may result in impaired bone formation

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Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)

Uses: Helps body turn food into fuel which is used to produce energy. They also help the nervous system function properly, and are needed for good brain function.

Can be found in: Enriched cereals and rice

Defiency can cause: Beriberi, a build up of pyruvic acid in the blood stream results in causing a loss of mental alertness, difficulty breathing, and heart damage

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Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

Uses: Helps to make red blood cells and release energy from carbohydrates

Can be found in: Mushrooms, spinach

Defiency can cause: Problems with metabolising carbohydrates, fats and proteins.

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Vitamin C

Uses: Helps absorb calcium and iron and protects against infection and allergy

Can be found in: Citrus fruits

Defiency can cause: Scurvy, tiredness, muscle weakness, joint and muscle aches, rash on legs and bleeding gums.

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Catherine J

You have the Fat soluble and water soluble vitamins the wrong way round. Fat soluble vitamins are A D E K and Water Soluble vitamins are B & C



Yeh i realised that once i'd printed them! lol. Thanks :)

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