Edexcel AS History Unit 1

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  • Created by: Rachel
  • Created on: 30-04-13 16:20

Reconstruction

In the 25 years following the American Civil War (1861-1865) attempts were made to make America a fairer society/rebuild Southern states. 

Two further constitutional amendments were passed in an attempt to give African Americans rights 

Fourteenth Amendment 1868: gave citzenship to all people born in the USA, was an attempt to guarentee the rights of people who were formerly been slaves 

Fifteenth Amendment 1870: gave all citizens voting rights regardless of race

never fully enforced

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Jim Crow Laws

  • 1890-1910 southern states introduced legal segregation. 
  • Passed local laws which denied black Americans access to facilities used by white Amiercans
  • Education, healthcare, transport, restaurants, cinemas, toilets, bus stations, drinking fountains (public facalities) 
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The segregated heart

Segregated attitude of mind (how people sat, ate etc) 

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Voting Rights

Despite the Fifteenth Amendment, southern states found ways to desenfranchise the local black population.

  • Grandfather Clause - you could only vote if your grandather had
  • Litracy tests


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Plessey v. Ferguson 1896

One method of challenging segregation was to go to court and show that 'Jim Crow' laws violated the American Consistution. 

  • Plessey claimed that segregation was unlawful (fourteenth amendment) 
  • Claimed that Louisiana has acted illegally when they had arrested him for sitting in a white-only area of a train 
  • Court decided segregation was okay as long as facilities were equal in quality
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