Economic Locations Factors effecting primary locactions

Exampe - Most important factor is - near/on RAW material site - t extract Raw material - Primary industry St Austell Cornwell - Extraction of KAOLIN (China clay)

lOCATION - kaolin - ONLY FOUND sOUTH wEST eNGLAND

MARKET - Demandy Wedgewood4 production of porcelaBy 1860- 65000tons a year Kaolin mined 

TRANSPORT- Tain t PAr sOUTH cOAST-SHIP TO lIVERPOOL-barge t Winsford in Cheshire- packhorse to Stoke On Trent

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Secondary Industry Location

Secondary Industry TOYOTA CAR FACTORY Burnaston nr Derby

Tradition - Skilled work force & traditionally areaar components available

Land - Green field site - 280 hectares flat land cheap on edge Derby

Area scenic Peak District - attractive t Managerial workers

Transport - Excellent routes A38 & A50 near

Important

Secondary Industry

 need LAND - EXCELLENT TRANSPORT ROUTES- RAW MATERIAL - SKILLED WORKFORCE to make their business successful  . 

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Location of TERTIARY iNDUSTRY

DAVID LlOYD HEALTH club HATFIELD

DEMAND =Salisbury village housing est nearby - large % use club - Club close t shopping The Galleria - Shop & Gym one trip .

LOCATION- on Hatfield business Park lARGE firms nearby  Tmobile Ocado - workers use club

Transport /accessability - close t junction 3&4 A1 M mototrway- on route for comuters also near Hertford University - clients

IMPORTANT

Demand - large demand of clients import so business has a client base .- Transport routes clients can get there

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Deindustrialisation in rural areas

DEINDUSTRIALISATION -areas no longer used for industry purposes

Many Area suffer from deindustrialisation .

South Wales - Coal extraction left land with waste heaps - 1966 Aberfen disaster landslide after heavy rainfall - tons heap material fell on village school 144 dead 116 children

Benefits - land now used 4 argriculture/leisure- vistors unaware of past use

Eden Project CHINA CLAY EXTRACTION DEVON -Pits full of water -60m deep covering area of 35 football pitches on closure workers lost jobs - & local govern lost money from owners -

Benefits t Now tourist attraction - 2 hugh pods - diversity of plants -walks - employs 500 staff -3000 jobs in hotels , restaurants - opened in 2001 contrib est £1 bill t Cornish Econ0my 

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SETTLEMENT CHANGE - functions of Settlements

SETTLEMENT CHANGE ==** Reasons why settlements fitst develops in AN AREA

  Settlement EXAMPLES  

STRATEGIC - Defensive puropse on a hill - WINDSOR

- ON THE INSISE  OF A MEANDER BEND -DURHAM -

BESIDE GAP IN A RANGE OF HILLS - DORKING

ON an island in a river - PARIS

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settlement - function types 5

1RESIDENTIAL main function to live in

  • close t large towns cities
  • Retirement housing Eastbourne - coastal
  • STRATEGIC
  • 2 ADMINISTRATIVE
  • Administrative Centre
  • employ a large no of civil servents  & centrs of local government

3MARKET CENTRES

  • provide services for local area
  • found in fertile farming areas
  • past farmers brought produce to sell at centre market
  • good transport & river links
  • EG Skipton N Yorkshire

4INDUSTRIAL

  • PAST PROVIDE JOBS in Secondary indust
  • located coal fields /transoport links /rail /water
  • Eg SHEFFELD STEEL
  • 5 TOURIST
  • ON RAIL ROUTES / coastal regions /spa town
  • eg Blackpool / bath or harrogate /
  • recently National Parks - Lake district
  • Major cities Paris -New York
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