Earthquakes: Rich and Poor parts of the world.

The Restless Earth

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  • Created on: 21-05-13 16:55

Earthquake: Rich Part of the world

Earthquake in a rich part of the world: L'Aquila, Italy

6th April, 2009

6.3 on the Richter Scale

Caused by movement along a crack in the plate at a destructive plate margin

Preperation:

1. There are laws on construction standards but not all modern buildings had been built to withstand earthquakes.

2. Italy has a Civil Protection Department that trains volunteers to help with rescue operations.

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L'Aquila Earthquake: Effects

Primary Effects

1. Around 290 deaths.

2. Hundreds injured.

3. Thousands of buildings were damaged or destroyed.

4. Thousands of people were made homeless.

5. Bridge near Fossa collapsed and a water pipe was broken near Paganica.

Secondary Effects

1. Aftershocks slowed down recuse attempts & caused more damage.

2. Fires in buildings.

3. The broken water pipe in Paganica caused a landslide.

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L'Aquila Earthquake: Responses

Immediate Response

1. Camps were set up for homeless people.

2. The emergency services and army were sent in to rescue people

3. Cranes and diggers were used to remove rubble.

4. International teams with rescue dogs were sent in to help.

5. Money was provided by the government to pay rent and bills were suspended (gas and electric)

Long Term Responses

1. Italian PM promised to build a new town in place of L'Aquila

2. An investigation is going on as to why some modern buildings were not built to withstand earthquakes. 

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Earthquake: Poor Part of the world

Earthquake in a poor part of the world: Kashmir, Pakistan  

8th October 2005

 7.6 on the Richter Scale  

Caused by movement along a crack in the plate at a destructive plate margin  

Preperation:  

1. No local disaster planning was put in place. 

2. Buildings were not earthquake resistant.

3. Communications were poor. There were few roads, which were badly constructed.

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Kashmir Earthquake: Effects

Primary Effects

1. Around 80,000 deaths.

2. Hundreds of thousands injured.

3. Entire villages and thousands of buildings DESTROYED.

4. 3 million homeless.

5. Water pipes and electricity lines were broken, cutting off supply.

Secondary Effects

1. Landslides created more damage.

2. Diseases spread due to little clean water.

3. Freezing winter conditions caused more casualties and slowed down the rescue.

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Kashmir Earthquake: Responses

Immediate Responses:

1. Help didnt reach many areas for days or weeks. Many people had to be rescued by hand.

2. Tents, blankets and medical supplies were distributed within a month but not to all affected areas.

3. International aid and equipment e.g. helicopters and rescue dogs were brought in, aswell as teams of people from other countries.

Long Term Responses:

1. Around 40,000 people have been relocated from the destroyed town of Balakot.

2. Government money has been given to people so they can rebuild their homes, themselves.

3. New health centres have been set up in the area.

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