- Created by: mrevv
- Created on: 31-10-19 20:37
Edward's death and early claiments
- Nightmares about England being consumed by the devil
- Last act seemed to be to appoint Harold as successor
- Dying words were the most solemn possible.
- 1051, pledged the throne to William
- Edmond Ironside killed by Canute, grandson Edgar Aethling
- Hereditory claims were not as important as the Witan
- Hardrada was another oppertunist, king of Norway
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The Witan and the coronation
- The Witan chose Ed with all leading magnates and clergy in Westminster.
- Dying words, Harold's character and Edgar's youth meant Harold was chosen.
- He was crowned the next day as a coup d'etat
- He would be able to protect England from the Danes and was experienced
- Normans show bishop Stigand (appointed twice archbishop and bishop of London) who was condemmed by the Pope and did not have a Papal Pallium.
- English sources show a different archbishop with a Pallium crowning him.
- He minted new coins with 'PAX' and married Eadgyth (Edwin and Morcar's sister).
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The Battle of Gate Fulford
- Halley's comet showed either something great or something terrible.
- Harold was prepared to fight.
- Tostig and Harold invaded and pillaged the Isle of Wight and the south coast.
- Hardrada was an experienced fighter from Byzantium.
- Harold summoned his Fyrd and prepared Edwin and Morcar.
- Tostig had attacked with Norman ships, so Harold stationed his army near the channel.
- He kept his fleet standing for 4 months.
- Harold's 300 fleet attacked York, but Edwin and Morcar stopped Tostig rallying Northern support. The Northern earls were inexperienced and failed, losing 1000 men.
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The Battle of Stamford Bridge
- After losing the northern earls' men, Harold assembled his housecarls.
- He covered 300km in 5 days, and took them by suprise.
- He attacked the enemy camp at Stamford bridge.
- The Vikings were not wearing thier mail.
- First, a group of Vikings defended the bridge, then they fought on the Bsttle Flats, when Harold was killed. Finally, Viking reinforcements came but were hunted down.
- Hardrada didn't have time to form up his army, and they didn't have armour.
- Harold also collected recruits on his march and had more soldiers.
- Harold's reinforcements were exhausted when they arrived.
- The loss of Hardrada and Tostig lost them thier leaders.
- This shows English military strength and stopped the last Norse invasion.
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