Dystopia key terms

Dystopia

Term to describe a society where society disturbed In some way

utopia-idealised setting 

sir Thomas Moore 1516 wrote utopia 

post apocalyptic worlds been physically destroyed and only a few remaining survivors 

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Key language techniques

Minimalistic language-can emphasise individual lack of identity due to society and can reflect lack of power 

metafiction-writer deaf consciously alludes to the fictional nature of the text 

tense alternation 

1st person narrative 

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Political dystopia

Typically focus on totalitrian regimes wherever individuals have to do what state asked of them 

government use their power to control and manipulate society 

no regard for individuals 

susatined by idea actions for greater good 

EG 1984-ORWELL INFLUENCED BY POLITICAL SITUATION SOVIET UNION 

JOSEPH STALIN 1878-1953 DICTATOR 

WHEN REIGNED SOVIET UNION WENT THROUGH PROCESS OF COLLECTIVISATION 

WHERE FARMERS LAND DIVIDED EQAULLY BETWEEN POPULATION 

SO LANOURING CLASSES REMAINED EQAULLY POOR 

THOSE WHO OPPOSED MOVEMENT PUT DOWN 

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Political dystopia

RIVALS TORTURED 

ORWELL WARNING HOW DANGEROUS POWER CAN BE 

IDEOLOGY 

HOW many retained power 

Louise Pierre Althusser 1918-1990 infleuntial french philosopher defined it as 'imaginary relationship of individuals to their real conditions of existsnce'-system of beliefs that effects how people see world around them 

encouraged by-propghanda creaive arts etc

ideologies constructed and manipulated by rich and powerful and prevent those deemed socially Infereior to not understand the injustices to them 

eg. 1984 gov brainwashes society 

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Eco dystopia

Risk of destroying natural environment in pursuit tech scientific progress 

Origins of environmental literature 

writers romantic movement responded to effects of industrial revolution -1760-1840-in early 19th century 

Revolution=urbanisation and more scientific progress mass manufacturing and capitalism 

romantics reprensted beauty foe landscapes to sourght to remind society importance of environmental appreciation 

thought it were destroying individual and creative thought 

natural environment refuge from industrialisation 

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Environmental movement

Originated early 1960s 

1962-Rachel Carson publish silent spring-environemntla science book investigated harm birds from pesticides 

challenged chem industries accusing them spread inaccurate info for benefit own profits 

overall mass industry under scrutiny by leading intellectuals 

Richard ehrli has 'the population bomb' 1968-warned fast rate population growing and therefore straining natural environment needed take serious action to reduce population 

controversial when published but drew attention to how social development although on the surface seemed positive damaging effects 

in another of his books writes about how environment represented in popular culture 'called 

'toxic disclosure'-how pollution anxieties expressed in conversation and common writing 

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Eco dystopia

An example 'disenchantment from illusion of green sos is is accompanied by totalising images of world without refuge from toxic penetration 

bull allusding to romantisms to resist industrial growth 

MARGARET ATWOOD OUTSPOEN ENVIRONEMNETAL CAMPAIGNER SND PATRON OF FRIENDS OF THE EARTH 

2004 INVENTED KING LEN-ECO FRIENDLT DEVICE 

2003 POSTAPOCALYPTIC ORYX AND CRAKE CREATES ORLD WHERE SCIENTIFIC PROGRESS HAS DESTROYED THE WORLD 

MADE PHRASE USTOPIA-COMBINATION OF BOTH WORLDS SHE BELIEVES RACH WORLD CONTAINS LATNET VIEW OF OTHER 

*** EASY TO SPLIP FROM PERCIEVED UTOPIS INTO DYSTOPIA  DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TWO NOT PHYSICAL BUT MENTAL 'US' REFLECTS ARE OWN MISTAKES AS HUMANS 

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Political society key words

ALLEGORY-STIRY OR POEM WITH IMPLIED MESSAGE ABOUT SOCIETY

DICTATOR-POLITICAL LEADER WHO HAS COMPLETE CINTROL OF THE STATE 

IDEOLOGY-A BELIEF/SUSTEM OF BELIEFS THAT DETERMINES HOW INDIVIDUALS SEE WORLD AROUND THEM 

PROPAGHANDA-TACTICALMUSE OF POPULAR MEDIA BY STATE GOVERNEMNT TO INSTILL CERTAIN BELIEFS 

TOTALITARIANISM- SMALL M9JORITY MAITAINIGN POWER OVER MAJORITY THROUGH PHYSICAL FORCE IDEOLOVY AND EXTEME REGULATION OF CITIZENS VIEWS 

REPRESSION-PREVENTING ORNOUTTING END TO SOMETHING BY FORCE 

SOCIALISM-SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC MODEL WHERE TRADE ETC KWNED BY THE COMMUNITY 

INSTITUTION-HABIT OR PRACTISE INGRAINED IN SOCIAL LIFE 

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Political

SATIRE-IRONIC FORM WRITING USED TO CRITISE CERTAIN INDIVIDUALS OR SOCIAL SYSTEMS 

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Surveillance and distrust and cold war

Cold War 1947-1991

haopened in wake of ww11 1939-1945

involved no ohysical violence 

between two states/nations

1.western nations like United States-believed in democracy 

2.eastern states-belived in communism 

both wanted to spread these across globe 

war Carried out via propaganda epionage and tech competition 

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Cold war

Prominent figures in us politics SENATOR JOSEPH MCCARTHY 1908-1957

WAS SENTAOR 1947-DEATH 

state adopted an intrustee approach to hunting down suspected communists 

a lot of these critics ave argued were falsely accused 

immoral use of peoples private information in order to co demon them

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How this applies to dystopia

factors stated in previous card can be seen in dystopian literature 

by state surveillance of people's lives 

decreased privacy more invasive methods used 

IN POST APOCALYPTIC 'focuses primarily on damage global disaster could cause to humans and their relationships with others 

originates from ancient greek word 'apocalypses'-translates as 'undercovering'therefore suggests perhaps apocalypse may 'uncover' the worst of human nature 

it forces people to act selfishly and immorally for sake of own survival 

post apocalyptic texts dowant neccessarily focus on the catastrophic even but rather the after,at hand how individuals acts towards one another at a time of crisis 

projects questions on humanity and morality 

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