Drugs in Sport

  • Created by: Kiki B
  • Created on: 15-10-18 18:58

Drugs in Sport

Anabolic Steroids:

  • Increase muscle mass and bone growth. 
  • Mimics testosterone.

Side effects:

  • Increased infertility
  • High BP, heart attacks/strokes = death 

Ben Johnson, Canadian sprinter took stanozolol. 

Used by weightlifters and wrestlers.

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Drugs in Sport

Beta Blockers: 

  • Increases steadiness. 
  • Decreases tremors.

Side effects:

  • Tiredness/depression 

Kim Jon Su, 50m pistol, took propanol for 2008 Beijing olympics

Used by archers

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Drugs in Sport

Stimulants: 

  • Increases reaction speed and heart rate. 

Side effects:

  • Insomnia
  • Increased heart rate
  • Aggression.

Tyson Gay used oxilofrine in 2013. 

Used by sprinters and cyclists.

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Drugs in Sport

Why drugs: 

  • Enhances preformance
  • Train more intensly for longer
  • Decreased recovery time.
  • Physiological/psycological benefits
  • Increased chance of winning
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Drugs in Sport

Impact on Sport: 

  • Drug testing = £££
  • Suspicious climate around athletes.
  • Sport/country recieves bad name.
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Drugs in Sport

Testing

  • Blood/urine sample.
  • Positive
  • B Sample
  • Positive
  • Banned

Effect

  • Poor role models
  • Lose medals and sponsors = destroyed career
  • Broken law.
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