Franklin produced an x-ray photograph that allowed two other researchers, James Watson and Francis Crick to work out the 3D structure of DNA. The structure of DNA was found to be a double helix.
Watson and Crick
In 1962 Crick and Watson, along with Wilkins, received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discovery. Rosalind Franklin had died four years earlier and her pivotal contribution wasn't acknowledged until much later.
Human Genome Project
In 1990 James Watson led the Human Genome Project and started identifying and mapping every gene in human DNA
Discovery led to...
Better insulin for diabetics
New techniques for skin grafts
Better understanding of conditions such as Down's syndrome
Better understanding of whether people might develop certain types of cancer
The discovery that stem cells can be grown into different cells
Continuing research mean that faulty genes could be corrected and genetic diseases could be prevented in the future