DISRUPTION OF ATTACHMENT

DISRUPTION OF ATTACHMENT

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  • Created by: Isabelle
  • Created on: 23-05-11 18:05

DISRUPTION OF ATTACHMENT

WHY DO CHILDREN EXPERIENCE SHORT TERM SEPERATION?

WHAT ARE THE THREE PROGRESSIVE REACTIONS TO SEPERATION (PDD)?

ONE LONG TERM EFFECT OF SEPERATION IS SEPERATION ANXIETY, WHAT IS THIS?

HOW IS SEPERATION ANXIETY SHOWN?

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DISRUPTION OF ATTACHMENT

Childs mother may go into hospital either to have a baby or fell ill

  • Protest - child cries / screams / protests when parent leaves
  • Despair - angry protests subside / shows little interest / refuse attempts to comfort / thumbsucking / rocking
  • Detachment - show more interest in surroundings / likely to reject caregiver when return / show signs of anger

Fear seperation from an attachment figure will occur again

  • Increased agression - protesting
  • Clinginess - cling to parent when they attempt to leave or in anticipation of seperation
  • Detachment - refuse to be cuddled
  • Psychosomatic symptons - seperation anxiety causes physical illness
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DISRUPTION OF ATTACHMENT

DOES THE AGE OF THE CHILD EFFECT THEIR RESPONSE TO SEPERATION?

HOW DOES ATTACHMENTTYPE  AFFECT RESPONSE TO SEPERATION?

HOW DOES THE SEX OF THE CHILD AFFECT RESPONSE TO SEPERATION?

DOES THE PERSON THE CHILD IS LEFT WITH AFFECT THEIR RESPONSE TO SEPERATION?

DOES THE CHILDS PREVIOUS EXPERIENCE OF SEPERATION AFFECT THEIR RESPONSES?

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DISRUPTION OF ATTACHMENT

Children younger than 7 months showed minimal upset - infants between 12-18 months showed strongest response

Securly attached child better able to cope with seperation

Boys respond more strongly to seperation

if child is left with another attachment figure the affects may be minimal

Children who are more accustomed to berif seperation are less likely to strongly respond to seperation

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DISRUPTION OF ATTACHMENT

AT WHAT AGE WAS GENIE DISCOVERED?

WHAT LIFE LIKE WHILST IN ISOLATION?

WHAT WERE THE EFFECTS OF HER PRIVATION?

WHAT WAS HER QUALITY OF CARE AFTERWARDS?

WHEN WERE THE CZECH TWINS DISCOVERED?

WHAT WAS THEIR LIFE LIKE IN ISOLATION?

WHAT WERE THE EFFECTS OF THEIR PRIVATION?

WHAT WAS THEIR QUALITY OF CARE AFTERWARDS?

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DISRUPTION OF ATTACHMENT

13 - reached the end of the critical period

locked and tied up alone in a room - often forgotten

only say two words / not toilet trained / couldn't focus eyes beyond 12 feet

put into childrens hospital where she was constantly tested / then sent to series of foster home where she was again abused / placed in home for retarded adults

7 - Hadn't reached the ed of critical period

locked in cellar - starved and beaten - absuive relationship

serious health problems / terrified of people / no speech

attended school for children with learning disabilities / adopted provided with secure, permanent home / effects of priavtion reversed / able to develop attach.

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DISRUPTION OF ATTACHMENT

ARE CASE STUDIES A GOOD METHOD OF RESEARCH?

WHAT IS THE PROBLEM WITH USING RETROSPECTIVE DATA?

WHAT ARE THE ETHICAL ISSUES?

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DISRUPTION OF ATTACHMENT

GOOD - gives researcher real life examples of privation - not artifical

BAD - lack of control - rely on other peoples recollections

People recollections might be wrong - hard to get hold of neccessary information - each person involved would have a different opinion

  • The children had abusive pasts
  • most children unable to give informed consent
  • make children feel like their just object of psychological interest
  • hard to balence desire to study effects of privation against the needs of those directly involved
  • Children might not be getting the right care and support
  • negative effects might be down to physical abuse and not just privation
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DISRUPTION OF ATTACHMENT

WHAT WAS THE AIM OF HODGES AND TIZARD?

WHAT WERE THEIR CONCLUSIONS?

WHAT WERE THE METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES OF THIS STUDY?

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DISRUPTION OF ATTACHMENT

To examine the long term effects of emotional privation

Adopted group seemed to develop good familiy relations - restored group found it diificualt to develop good family relations especially with sibling - All three groups had dificulty with peer relations

Used a range of research methods - longitudal study, participants would drop out - natural experiment, how the child was bought up might not be controlled

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DISRUPTION OF ATTACHMENT

WHAT WAS RUTTER AT AL'S STUDY?

WHAT WAS THEIR CONCLUSION?

HOW DOES THE QUALITY OF CARE AT INSTITUTION EFFECT CHILDRENS RECOVERY FROM INSITIUTIONALISATION AND PRIVATION?

HOW DOES THE AGE OF THE CHILD WHEN REMOVED FROM PRIVATION / INSITUTIONALISATION EFFECT THEIR RECOVERY?

HOW DOES THE QUALITY OF CARE AFTER INSITUTIONLISATION AND PRIVATION EFFECT RECOVERY OF CHILD?

CAN EXPERINCE IN LATER LIFE EFFECT THE RECOVERY?

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DISRUPTION OF ATTACHMENT

Longitudal study comparing UK adoptes, Romainian adopts (- 6 months), Romian adoptes (6-24 months)

Children exposed to privation at earlier age are more likely to make a fuller recovery if adopted into caring enviroment

If baby was able to develop attachment to staff aged between 7-8 months they showed none of the effects of institutionalisation

Children who are removed at a younger age tend to make batter development progress - age particulary important to language developments

Children likely to do best when placed in a loving a suportive enviroment

Good experinces in later life can overcome earlier effects

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