Disorder of the digestive system

Human Biology

2.2 Uptake of energy and nutrients

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Cancer (Questions)

  • What is Cancer ?
  • What are the symptoms of bowel Cancer?
  • What 3 methods are used to treat Cancer?
  • What are the side effects of each treatment ?
  • Which methods are usually used to treat Colon Cancer ?
  • What is thought to reduce the risk of Colon Cancer ?
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Cancer (Answers)

  • Progressive and uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells.
  • Blood in faeces & Change in Bowel habits.
  • Radiotherapy , Chemotherapy and Surgery.
  • Radiotherapy - Localised hair loss & minor burning of the skin.
  • Chemotherapy - Hair loss & destruction of white blood cells.
  • Surgery - May come back & Infections.
  • All three can be used.
  • Calcium & Folic acid.
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Coeliac Disease (Questions)

  • What causes a problem for Coeliac disease sufferers?
  • What are the physiological effects in the small intestine when a Coeliac sufferer eats something they shouldn't ?
  • How many people are thought to have Coeliac Disease ?
  • What is the only effective treatment of Coeliac Disease ? 
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Coeliac Disease (Answers)

  • Wheat, Rye, Protein, Gluten & Barley.
  • Flattening of the villi in small intestine which interferes with absorption of digested products.
  • 1%
  • Gluten-free diet
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Diverticultular Disease (Questions)

  • What is the disease where small pouches form in the gut and bulge outwards?
  • What is it called when these pouches get infected ?
  • What are the symptoms of this condition ? 
  • What is believed to cause this condition ?
  • What is the treatment ?
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Diverticultular Disease (Answers)

  • Diverticultular disease.
  • Diverticulitis.
  • Mild cramp , Bloating & Constipation.
  • Low fibre diet
  • Diet high in fibre & Mild pain medication.
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Peptic Ulcers (Questions)

  • What is a Peptic ulcer ?
  • What cause Peptic Ulcers ?
  • What are the Symptoms ?
  • What is the treatment for a  Peptic ulcer ?
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Peptic Ulcers (Answers)

  • The erosion of the lining of the stomach wall .
  • Increased production of stomach acid & The mucus lining is damaged.
  • Constant stomach pain made worse when eating , Weight loss,Vomiting & Nausea.
  • Antibiotics,Drugs to reduce stomach acid & Drugs to protect stomach lining.
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