DISOLUTION OF THE MONASTERIES

DISOLUTION OF THE MONASTERIES

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DISOLUTION OF THE MONASTERIES

HOW AND WHY WERE MONASTERIES DISSOLVED?

WHAT WAS THE VALOR ECCLESIASTICUS, WHAT DID IT REVEAL?

WHY CAN WE NOT TRUST REPORTS FROM CROMWELLS VISITATIONS?

WHY IS IT ARGUED THE MONASTERIES WERE DISSOLVED DUE TO THEIR WEALTH?

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DISOLUTION OF THE MONASTERIES

Alligiance to Rome

Religious houses owed obedience to Rome first and the crown second

Abuses and decay

  • Monks and nuns not fullfilling vows of chasisty and poverty but living corrupt lives
  • reports show there was a varaition of standars in behaviour
  • issue of corruptioN may have been used as an excuse or justification

Valor Ecclesiasticus was a survey of all ecclesistical property in England, showed income was more than three time than royal estates

Cromwells visiitations knew what they were to find before they entered, used to justify dissolution of grounds of refom - reports misleading

Henry eager to fill the crows coffers - transfer the wealth of monateries to the crown - double his income

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DISOLUTION OF THE MONASTERIES

DID CROMWELL ALWAYS INTEND TO DISSOLVE ALL THE RELIGIOUS HOUSES IN ENGLAND?

WHAT DID PARLIAMENT PASS IN 1536?

HOW DID THE ACT PORTRAY SMALLER MONASTERIES?

HOW DID THE ACT PORTRAY THE GREATER HOUSES?

WHAT HAPPENED TO THE LAND?

THE OVERALL SUPERVISION OF MONASTIC PROPERTY WHERE WHO?

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DISOLUTION OF THE MONASTERIES

It is argued the Cromwell promised to make Henry wealthy at the expense of the Church, and monastic houses were an easy target - dissolution was also in line with Cromwells evangelical views

The First Act for the dissolution of the lesser monasteries (houses with an income of less then £200 a year?)

corrupt, manifies and sinful and abdomiable living

greater houses were praised 'religion is well kept and observed'

land was rented and sold for the enrichment of the crown

task of the Court of Augmentations, set up by Cromwell

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DISOLUTION OF THE MONASTERIES

HOW WHERE THE GREATER HOUSE DISSOLVED IN 1538-40?

HOW DID THE DISSOLUTION IMPACT ON THE LOCAL POPULATION?

HOW DID THE DISSOLUTION IMPACT ON THE CROWN?

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DISOLUTION OF THE MONASTERIES

Due to the failure of the Pilgrimage of Grece some abbots gave up and surrendered freely - in 1538 Cromwell sent royal commisioners to visit remaing houses and invite heads of houses to hand over property freely to the King - not time was to be wasted on those who showed resistance - Thomas Legh and Richard Layton were given instructions to supress or alter any remaing houses

Put an end to monastic charity = poverty (may have been due to over popualtion and rapid inflation)

Monetary gain - in 1540 land was sold off to finance Henry's wars

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DISOLUTION OF THE MONASTERIES

WHAT WAS THE LINCOLNSHIRE RISING IN 1536?

WHAT MORE SERIOUS REVOLT TOOK PLACE IN YORKSHIRE?

WHO LEAD THE REVOLT?

THE MANOFESTOS DRAWN UP IN YORK CALLED FOR WHAT?

WAS THE PILGRIMAGE OF GRACE A SERIOUS THREAT?

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DISOLUTION OF THE MONASTERIES

Came about due to religous, politcal and economiacal concerens (also bad harvest in 1535-36), resentment of central gov. hightende by dissolution, high taxes and Statue of uses in 1536 - rebellion ended as quickly as it had started

The Pilgrimage of Grace (1536-37)

Robert Aske lead 30,000 men, declared rebellion to be a pilgrimage and chose the banner of the Five Wounds of Christ (used to deceive ignorant folk?)

the removal of eveil councillors form Henry's goverment (Cromwell), the restoration of the old faith and the protection of the monasteries

largest uprising of Tudor period / pilgrims had fighting experience - Henry's army not strong enough to cope with uprising

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DISOLUTION OF THE MONASTERIES

WHY DID THE PILGRIMAGE OF GRACE FAIL?

WHAT WERE THE CAUSES OF THE PILGRIMAGE?

HOW IMPORTANT WERE LOCAL NOBILITY AND GENTRY IN LEADING AND SPREADING REVOLT?

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DISOLUTION OF THE MONASTERIES

Leaders wanted to negotiate and put faith in Henry who agreed to the rebels demands, who dispersed peacefully believing demands had been met (stopped collection of subsidies, quelled rumours parish property were under threat, secured promise of parliament to be held by free election in York) - Henry only ever meant concessions to be temporary - unrelated revolts in Westmorland and Cumberland gave Hnery excuse to carry out reprisals upon earlier promises - ringleaders of revolt were arrested

Religious change as well as social and economic motivation

The support of Lord Darcy and the Percies heightened popualr support

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Comments

Holly

This is so good! thank you!

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