T-cells and cellular immunity:
- the activated T-cells change to killer T-cells, these bind to antigens on infecting pathogens and kill them by making pores in their cell membrane, allows water to diffuse through so the cell bursts.
- called cellular immunity as the foreign cells are killed directly by the lymphocyte cells.
B-cells and humoral immunity:
- the activated B-cells change into plasma cells.
- plasma cells contain large amounts of rough endoplasmic reticulum and are protien factories. synthesising and secreting antibodies.
- called humoral immunity because the foriegn cells are killed by soluble antibodies dissolved in the blood plasma.
- secondary immune response: memory B-cells continue to secrete antibodies, the memory cells will quickly divide to form a new clone army.so fast that the pathogen is destroyed before it repoduces enough to cause disease.
- primary immune response: slow and weak response to a first infection.
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