Different types of training methods

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  • Created by: Katie
  • Created on: 06-07-13 16:19

Continuous Training

Continuous Training involves the participant to participate in a physical activity without stopping. For example running. Although if you get tired whilst doing this, you can always speed walk which still keeps your heart rate up however, you can't slow down too much.

Continuous Training is a type of continuous training that develops you cardiovascular fitness and muscular endurance. As it is a type of continuous training you do not stop whilst you are training and it is an aerobic activity.

It uses your large nuscle groups and it requires you to work between 60-80% of your training threshold.

You need to exercise for 30 minutes, 5 times a week to have a positive effect on both your cardiovascular fitness and muscular endurance.

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Fartlek Training

Fartlek training is a type of continuous training and it improved your cardiovascular fitness.

It consists of you running at different paces over different terrains without any breaks, hence the fact that it is a type of continuous training.

It is a good type of training for those who participate in different games as it allow variation in speed and pace.

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Cross Training

Cross Training is a type of continuous training.

It combines two of more different types of exercise.

Athletes that need a wide range of fitness would use this eg. a triathlete as it allow them to train in all areas that they will be tested in when it comes to a competition.

It is a non stop training session, hence the fact it is a type of continuous training, this would be exactly what it would be like for a triathlete in a competition so this would suit them 100%.

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Circuit Training

Circuit Training is a type of intermittent training as you have breaks of rest in between each station and after every circuit you complete.

It can be used to improve any component of fitness as you are able to pick which stations you complete.

A number of exercises are completed at each station and each exercise needs to be relevant in order to gain the best results from your training session.When planning your training session you need to make sure that you organise it so that no stations one after the other work the same mucles.

The stations are positioned in a circular order and completed one after the other, with rests, if you want to follow the principle of training, Progressive overload, then each session, you could exercise for longer and rest for shorter amount of time.

The person will work for a set number of repetitions and for a set time.

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Interval Training

Interval training is a type of intermittent training as it has intervals inbetween each exercise to recover.

It allows the athlete to work at both high intensity and low intensity so they can work in both their aerobic and anaerobic training zones.

Swimmers, sprinters and cyclists use this type of training, as you need to be faster at the start so you can get ahead of other competitors.

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Weight Training

Weight training is a type of intermittent training.

It is a form of strength training that you can use either free weights or machines for.

If you training for endurance you would need to lift the weights repeatedly for a number of repetitions and a number of sets.

Muscular strength requires heavier weights and fewer repetitions.

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