Different types of Cells

Features of different types of cells and their functions.

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Plant Cell

Plant Cell features

*Most(but not all) plant cells contain what is highlighted.

  • A Cell wall - to support and strengthen the cell.
  • A Cell membrane - controls what comes in and out of the cell.
  • A Nucleus - contains the genetic information.
  • Mitochondria - where most energy is released during respiration.
  • Cytoplasm - liquid get where most chemical reactions take place.
  • Ribosomes - where protein synthesis occurs.
  • Chloroplasts- absorbs light energy to make food.
  • A Permanent vacuole - filled with cell sap.
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Animal Cell

Animal Cells features:

  • A nucleus - contains genetic information.
  • A Cell membrane - controls what comes in and out of the cell.
  • Cytoplasm - liquid gel where chemical reactions take place.
  • Mitochondria - releases energy during respiration.
  • Ribosomes - where protein synthesis occurs.
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Bacterial cell

Bacterial cell features:

  • Flagellum - helps to move around.
  • Plasmids - fragments of DNA.
  • Cell wall - supports and strengthens the cell.
  • Cell membrane - controls what comes in and out of the cell.
  • Cytoplasm - liquid gel where chemical reactions take place.
  • Slime Capsule - reduce friction + movement.
  • Genetic material - DNA.
  • Mitochondria - Releases energy during respiration.
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Yeast cell

Yeast Cell features:

  • A Nucleus - contains genetic information.
  • A Cell wall - to support and strengthen the cell.
  • A Cell membrane - controls what comes in and out of the cell.
  • Mitochondria - releases energy during respiration.
  • Cytoplasm - liquid gel where chemical reactions take place.
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Red Blood Cells

Red blood cell features:

  • No nucleus - space used to carry oxygen.
  • Biconcare shape - increase surface area to carry more oxygen.
  • Contains haemoglobin.
  • Small diameter - to fit in even the smalllest capillary.
  • Large surface area - to carry oxygen.
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Muscle Cells

Muscle cell features:

  • Can contract.
  • Mitochondria - releases energy during respiration.
  • Elongated.
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