- Voters cast 1 vote for 1 candidate in a single member constituency.
- Winning MP is the one with most votes - only needs 1 more than any other MP.
- Winning MP doesn't need 50% of votes.
- Not proportional or majoritarian
- Leads to a majority government e.g. 2010 General Election.
1 of 4
Additional Member System
- Used in Scotland and Wales
- Mixed system -> Constituency MP's through FPTP and Top Up MP's through regional list. Scotland = 73 MP's through FPTP and 56 Top Ups. Wales = 40 MP's through FPTP and 20 Top Up MP's.
- More proportional for parties
- Helps small parties e.g. Scottish socialists gaining 6 seats in 2003
- Usually leads to a coalition however this wasn't the case for wales in 2003 and scotland in 2011.
2 of 4
Single Transferable Vote
- Used in Northern Ireland to elect MEP's and Northern Irish Assembly
- Preferential voting and multi member constituencies
- Uses a 'droop formula' which allows 2nd and 3rd preferences to be taken into account if 1st preferences don't meet the quota
- Tends to lead to coalitions
3 of 4
Closed, regional party list
- For the 11 mainland and 1 northern irish MEP regions
- Vote for a party rather than a candidate
- very proportional
- Parties are the ones to decided on the candidates by ranking them into a list and then the % of votes decides the % of candidates working down the list.
4 of 4
Similar Government & Politics resources: