Attitudes and reasons
1. Christian pacifism:
Pacifism- the belief that all disputes should be settled by peaceful means
Weapons of mass distruction- weapons which can destroy large areas and numbers of people.
Many 20th Christians are pacifists- feel that modern warfare affects too many innocent people.
Pacifist groups- Pax Christi
Pacifist Churches- Quakers, Plymouth Brethren, Christadelphians
- Jesus- Sermoon on the Mount- resist evil/ turn the other cheek
- Jesus- "Love your enemies"
- Jesus stopped Peter from using violence- "All who draw the sword will die by the sword."
- 5th Commandment- "You must not kill"
- Christians in first 300 years of Christianity refused to fight
- Weapons of mass destruction = killing of innocents
2. The attitudes that Christians can fight in Just Wars:
Christian Church regularly makes statements opposing war and encoouraging peace, but recognises that it is not always possible. War may be necessary.
- Churches teach that Christians have the right to fight in Just Wars
- St Paul- Christians should obey the orders of the government, authorised by God
- Jesus never condemned the soldiers he met- he commended the faith of the Roman Centurion.
- Jesus said "Give unto Caesar what it Caesar's."
- We need a police force to protect the innocent, and Just Wars also protect the innocent.