Different approaches to welfare state

  • Created by: Ryan62835
  • Created on: 30-11-18 12:10

Social democratic approach

The Social democratic approach orginated in the 1940's, welfare state based on the principle of universalism with cradle to grave support with it being available at all times. Social democratic approaches include a number of different beliefs including:

  • the government should be responsible for social welfare
  • social inequality threatens the stability of society
  • benefits should be available to all (be universal) 
  • the need for more social cohesion 
  • wealth + income should be redistrubuted through progressive taxation 
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The new right liberal model

The new right liberal model was mainly developed in Britain first in the years between 1979-1997. This was in the first years of the conservative government. The aim is to "roll back" the welfare state and make people more self-reliant as some have created a a dependancy culture and work-shy underclass by living off welfare benefits. 

The market liberal approach believes that individuals should have the freedom to choose welfare provisions from all those competing in the welfare market. However, it undermined the importance of support from families + encourages lone parenthood. 

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