Dietary Needs at Life Stages

  • Created by: ZR1
  • Created on: 29-04-17 14:41

Pre-school children (1-4 years old)

What happens at this life stage?

  • Body growth/development are rapid
  • A lot of energy used in activity

Which nutrients are important?

  • Protein
  • Carbohydrate- limit free sugars
  • Fat
  • Minerals/Vitamins- all
  • Fibre
  • Water

Encourage young children to:

  • Eat small regular meals/drinks
  • Eat fresh/raw foods
  • Drink unsweetened drinks, especially water/whole milk
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Children (5-12 years old)

What happens at this life stage?

  • Growth continues in "spurts"
  • They should be physically active 

Which nutrients are important?

  • Protein
  • Carbohydrate- limit free sugars
  • Fat
  • Minerals/Vitamins- all
  • Fibre
  • Water

Encourage children to:

  • Follow Eatwell Guide/dietary guidelines
  • Continue to try new foods
  • Eat fresh/raw foods regularly 
  • Eat regular meals
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Teenagers- Stage 1

What happens at this life stage?

  • Body grows rapidly at certain times
  • Develops from a child into an adult

Which nutrients are important?

  • Protein
  • Vitamins- A, B group, C, D, E
  • Carbohydrate- starch, fibre, limit free sugars
  • Fats- especially unsaturated/omega 3 fatty acids
  • Minerals- all

Encourage teenagers to:

  • Follow Eatwell Guide
  • Regularly eat oily fish/seeds
  • Take regular exercise to strengthen muscles/maintain a healthy weight
  • Drink plenty of water
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Teenagers- Stage 2

What happens at this life stage?

  • Minerals are taken into bones/teeth so that the skeleton reaches peak bone mass when they're adults

Which nutrients are important?

  • Calcium
  • Vitamin D

Encourage teenagers to:

  • Include plenty of calcium-rich foods in diet
  • Spend time outdoors in sunshine
  • Take regular/load bearing exercise to stimulate bones to take up minerals
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Teenagers- Stage 3

What happens at this stage?

  • Girls start to menstruate
  • They may not have enough iron/become anaemic

Which nutrients are important?

  • Iron
  • Vitamin C

Encourage teenage girls to:

  • Eat plenty of fresh fruit/vegetables/iron-rich foods
  • Eat regular, well-balanced meals
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Teenagers- Stage 4

What happens at this life stage?

  • Staying up late/pressures of school
  • This can lead to a lack of energy/poor concentration/tiredness

Which nutrients are important?

  • Vitamin B group
  • Iron
  • Vitamin C

Encourage teenagers to:

  • Allow enough time for the body to rest/sleep
  • Eat a balanced breakfast 
  • Includes wholegrain cereals to release energy slowly into bloodstream
  • This helps concentration 
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Adults- Stage 1

What happens at this life stage?

  • Body doesn't grow in height after 21 years old
  • It needs to be maintained to keep free from disease/strong/active
  • Metabolic rate gradually slows down
  • Weight gain can occur if energy intake of diet is unbalanced/insufficient physical activity taken 

Which nutrients are important?

  • Protein
  • Vitamins A, B group, C, D, E
  • Carbohydrate- starch/fibre
  • Fats- especially unsaturated/omega 3 fatty acids
  • Minerals- all

Encourage adults to:

  • Take regular exercise to oxygenate body/strengthen muscles
  • Regularly eat oily fish/seeds
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Adults- Stage 2

What happens at this life stage?

  • Skeleton continues to take up minerals until peak bone mass reached around 30 years old

Which nutrients are important?

  • Calcium
  • Vitamin D

Encourage adults to:

  • Include plenty of calcium-rich foods in diet
  • Spend time outdoors in sunshine 
  • Take regular/load- bearing exercise to stimulate bones to take up minerals
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Elderly

What happens at this life stage?

  • Body systems e.g digestion/blood circulation start to slow down
  • Blood pressure increase
  • Metabolic rate slows down

Which nutrients are important? 

  • Protein
  • Vitamins- A, B group, C, D, E
  • Carbohydrate- starch/fibre
  • Fats- unsaturated fats/omega 3 fatty acids

 Encourage elderly adults to:

  • Eat plenty of fresh foods
  • Take regular exercise to strengthen muscles/oxygenate the body 
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Comments

Irisophia2424

Report

OMG just what I needed 

thank you so much

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