All the countries benefit when countries specialise in the production of goods and services that they produce relatively efficiently. This stimulates trade.
Gunder Frank's Dependency Model
External factors using trade and aid to support both developing and developed countries.
Creates CYCLE OF DEPENDENCY
Development and growth is adjusted to minimise effect on environment.
Wealth is created by few, then spread to the poor.
- Class Divide
- Massive Inequalities
- Social Unrest
Rostow's Modernist View
Looks at internal factors with a 5 stage model through
industrial development and consumer divide.
Benefical effects can spread from developed core regions or countries to less developed peripheral regions.