Development Dilemmas: Brazil

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  • Created by: georgiad
  • Created on: 06-06-13 14:16

Disparities in Brazil

Urban Core

  • South-east is core based around Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro (GDP 16,052)
  • Hospitable, temperate climate
  • Ports for trading
  • Road and rail networks
  • Fertile soils for farming
  • Advantages have attracted investment so the core has grown

Rural Periphery 

  • North and North-east
  • Wet tropical climate
  • Poor access by land due to extensive rainforest
  • Sparse population
  • Limited access to sea for trading 
  • Piaui (GDP 3,700)
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Government Concerns

  • People in periphery could have lower quality of life
  • Conflicts 
  • Move into core regions
  • Overcrowding and lack of jobs 
  • Resources undeveloped, slowing development of whole country
  • Government receives less tax
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Santo Antonio Dam

  • Produce 3,150 MW of electricty 
  • Cost $5.3 billion 

Advantages 

  • 20,000 jobs and 100,000 attracted to area
  • 300 families moved
  • Infrastructure improved
  • Education and tarining centre set up
  • Produce cheapest electricity in Brazil
  • Increase agribusiness - creates jobs
  • HEP renewable energy
  • Flooded area relatively small (529km2)
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Santo Antonio Dam - 2

Disadvantages

  • Government forced a yes decision
  • Political conflict with Bolivia due to flooding
  • 3,000 peope forced to leave
  • Traditional way of life lost
  • 100,000 immigrants - strain on services
  • Increase in malaria
  • Madeira scheme is costly ($22 billion)
  • 2,400 fishermen may lose job
  • Irrigation water lost
  • Loss of biodivesity
  • River food webs affected 
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Micro-hydro schemes in Peru

  • Low population density 
  • 'Practical Action' installed 50 schemes providing 30,000 with electricity
  • 15W
  • £34,000
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Micro-hydro schemes in Peru - 2

Advantages

  • Locals involved at every stage
  • Reliable electricity supply
  • Healthcare improved
  • Training gives locals sills
  • Kerosene lamps replaced
  • Cheaper electricity
  • Local expertise and cheap technology
  • Replaces fossil fuels

Disadvantages

  • Poor people still have to pay
  • Population pressures
  • Initial capital cost is high - £500
  • 20-25 year lifespan
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