Design Arguement evaluation

The strengths and weaknesses of the design arguement

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  • Created by: b1997
  • Created on: 07-03-14 14:15

Weakness:anological form

Weakness: anological form

  • Payley compares complexity of a watch to the human eye, making a link between the watches intelegent designer and the need for a creator in the far more intricate universe
  • David Hume
  • Anology is flawed
  • To make it work God's characteristics must be closely identified with human beings
  • This removes God's divene distinctiveness that the theist wants to preserve
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Strengths: Anological form

Strengths: Anological form

  • Easy to understand as we can show evidence for God with clear imperical evidence in our world today
  • Paley also able to answer the criticisms:
  • Everything said about the watch applies to the world, but in this circumstance its:
  • QUOTE: "contrivances surpass the contrivances of art, in the complexity, subtlety and curiosity of the mechanism"
  • contrivances: a cleverly made device or machine to fufil a need
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weakness: Problem of evil

weakness: Problem of evil

John Stewart Mill: doesnt prove the God of classical theism

  • omnipotent, omnibenevolent and omniscient "designing creator" Payley and Aquinas suggest cant exsist due to natural and moral evil on earth
  • impossible for designer to have these qualities if their is human suffering on earth, he wouldnt have included it in his design
  • QUOTE: "if the maker of the world can do all that he will, he wills misery and there is no escaping that conclusion"
  •  
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Strengths: Anological form (P.O.E)

Strengths: Anological form (P.O.E)

Paley avoid critism for the problem of evil

  • His anology only there to show their is a designer, not about the designers nature
  • He didnt commit to saying the world was perfect, or that we as humans can understand it
  • Even if the world shows evidence of bad design, we still know it has been designed in the first place
  • Answers critism about Mill's weakness of problem of evil& balences out strengths and weaknesses
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Weakness: inductive form (A.P)

  • Weakness: inductive form

Tennant's anthropic principle  

  • suggests we should not reject science as it can work alongside religion and God planed key scientific theories to help human life evolve
  • This can be critisied as if there were no natural laws there would be no humans or animals and we would not be here
  • So of course we percive order in the universe, there could be nothing else or we would not be here to percive it
  • order is not improbable and we shouldnt approch it as if it were extraordinary
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strengths: inductive form (A.P)

strengths: inductive form (A.P)

Swinburne responds to claims that order is improbable:

  • Parable of the card shuffling machine
  • " a man kidnaps a victim" and then shuts him in a room "with a card shuffling machine"
  • Imagine there are 10 decks of cards, each deck shuffles simultaniously, one card is drawn from each deck
  • machine linked to explosive device, if each card drawn isnt ace of hearts the victim will die
  • to victim's "amazement and relief" he is still alive
  • Victim thinks it is extraordinary as chances of being drawn is very little
  • To mock the criticism's kidnapper thinks it is "hardly suprising" and "you would not be here to see anything at all if any other cards had been drawn"
  • Swinburne states kidnapper is wrong + vicitm is right
  • The anthropic principle doesnt explain why things are right for us, it just points out how fine tuned the universe is
  • Our universe is still amazing and therefore demands an explanation
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Weakness: inductive form (Probability)

Weakness: inductive form (Probability)

  • Swinburnes arguement for probability:
  • said evidence of design and order increases probability of exsistance of God
  • But if we feel strongly that God does exsist, we must also consider the probability he doesnt
  • If we come to the conclusion that God exsists and designed the universe, we must accept the probability of other higher beings being in exsistance
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strengths: inductive form (probability)

strengths: inductive form (probability)

Tennant balances out criticism:

  • God is just as sufficient explanation than other theories
  • when some people judge the universe they cannot just accept it came about by chance
  • more inclined to accept probability of God on psychological grounds
  • Tennant able to suffiently support his arguement aganist criticism
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Weakness: inductive form (Asthetic)

Weakness: inductive form (Asthetic)

Tennant

  • believes nature is "satured with beauty" but this has not happened through evolution as it has "no survial value"
  • but we as humans do not know if our world really is beautiful
  • 1. Beauty is very subjective, individuals cannot claim world is beautiful as everyone has their own concept of what beauty is
  • 2. we have nothing to compare our world to, how can we say our world is beautiful if we have not seen other worlds
  • 3. evil and suffering: we cannot claim our world is beautiful if their is pain all around it
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strengths: inductive form (Asthetic)

strengths: inductive form (Asthetic)

  • human perception of beauty is not the same as God's
  • God is not bound by human perception, we cannot judge what is beautiful in his supirior vision
  • what may appear inefficent to humans may be perfectly forfuilling for God.
  • God is omnipotent, we should not question what he creates
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